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BACKGROUND & AIMS Liver progenitor cells may be important in carcinogenesis resulting from human chronic liver diseases. The HepaRG cell line has been established from a liver tumor associated with chronic hepatitis C. We observed that these cells showed an evident morphological heterogeneity, displaying both hepatocyte-like and biliary-like epithelial(More)
Mutations in the p53 tumor suppressor gene are commonly found in the major human cancers and the mutational spectrum in some cancer types is consistent with the genotoxic effects of the associated environmental risk factors. Thus far there is little information on p53 mutations in cancers of factory workers with a history of carcinogen exposure in the(More)
A 7,022 by BamHI-EcoRI fragment, located in the inverted repeat of spinach chloroplast, has been sequenced. It contains a 2131 codon open reading frame (ORF) homologous to both tobacco ORFs 581 and 1708, and to Marchantia ORF 2136. Relative to the Marchantia chloroplast genome, spinach ORF 2131 is located at the end of a large inversion; the other end point(More)
Occupational vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) exposure can induce Raynaud's phenomenon (RP). However, not all VCM workers developed RP, which suggests an underlying genetic susceptibility. Genetic polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), involved in VCM metabolism, have been shown to influence certain VCM-related health effects. We have conducted a(More)
Vinyl chloride (VC) induces angiosarcomas of the liver (ASL) and hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) in humans and rodents. We examined the presence of p53 gene mutations in ASL and HCC induced by VC in Sprague Dawley rats; 25 ASL and eight HCCs were analyzed for point mutations in exons 5-8, using PCR amplification, single-strand conformation polymorphism(More)
Thirty five cases of tennis elbow (17 unilateral, nine bilateral) were studied with infrared thermography and isotopic bone scanning. A hot focus was visualised in 16 of 17 cases of unilateral tennis elbow (94%) and in all nine cases of bilateral tennis elbow (100%) on infrared thermography, and abnormal increased epicondylar activity seen in 12 of 17 (71%)(More)
Point mutations of c-ras genes were investigated in human angiosarcomas of the liver associated with occupational exposure to vinyl chloride. DNA prepared from either frozen or paraffin-embedded tissues was amplified by the polymerase chain reaction, and putative point mutations at codons 12, 13, and 61 of c-Ha-ras, c-Ki-ras, and N-ras were analyzed by(More)
Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by arteriovenous malformations and resulting from mutations in two major genes: ENG and ACVRL1. The aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of the mutations of ENG and ACVRL1 in HHT, based on the largest series of patients reported so far, recruited(More)
Trypsin covalently bound on collagen membranes has been used to investigate the protein topography in eukaryotic 60S ribosomal subunits. Six proteins are highly exposed to the attack of the immobilized enzyme: L6, L7-L7a, L17, L24, and L31. They are located in two distinct regions, forming two bulges at the ribosomal surface; the first one consists of(More)
BACKGROUND The p53 tumor suppressor gene (also known as TP53) is often mutated in a wide variety of cancers, including angiosarcoma of the liver (ASL). Anti-p53 antibodies have been detected in the sera of patients with leukemia, childhood lymphoma, or cancers such as those of the breast, lung, colon, esophagus, and liver (hepatocellular carcinoma). (More)