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A canine model of glycogen storage disease Ia (GSD Ia), similar clinically, biochemically, and pathologically to the human disease, was established by crossbreeding Maltese and Beagle dogs carrying a mutated, defective glucose-6-phosphatase (G-6-Pase) gene. Ten puppies were born in three litters from these crossbreedings. Six were homozygous for the(More)
The deficiency of glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) underlies life-threatening hypoglycemia and growth retardation in glycogen storage disease type Ia (GSD-Ia). An adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector encoding G6Pase was pseudotyped as AAV8 and administered to 2-week-old GSD-Ia mice (n = 9). Median survival was prolonged to 7 months following vector(More)
Pompe disease is an autosomal recessive disorder of glycogen metabolism caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA). It presents at any age, with variable rates of progression ranging from a rapidly progressive course, often fatal by one-year of age, to a more slowly, but nevertheless relentlessly progressive course,(More)
Therapy in glycogen storage disease type Ia (GSD Ia), an inherited disorder of carbohydrate metabolism, relies on nutritional support that postpones but fails to prevent long-term complications of GSD Ia. In the canine model for GSD Ia, we evaluated the potential of intravenously delivered adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors for gene therapy. In three(More)
Sanfilippo syndrome type B (mucopolysaccharidosis IIIB) is an autosomal recessive disease that is caused by the deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme alpha-N-acetylglucosaminidase (NAGLU). NAGLU is involved in the degradation of the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) heparan sulphate, and a deficiency results in the accumulation of partially degraded GAGs inside(More)
Glycogen storage disease type Ia (GSD-Ia) stems from glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) deficiency and causes hypoglycemia, hepatomegaly, hypercholesterolemia and lactic acidemia. Three dogs with GSD-Ia were initially treated with a helper-dependent adenovirus encoding a human G6Pase transgene (HDAd-cG6Pase serotype 5) on postnatal day 3. Unlike untreated dogs(More)
Surface enhanced laser desorption/ionisation time of flight (SELDI-TOF) mass spectrometry has been used to search for new protein biomarkers in the plasma of patients with mucopolysacharidoses (MPS). Differences in the levels of some plasma proteins, particularly the apolipoprotein ApoCI, were observed between MPS patients and normal controls, using the(More)
Enzyme analysis for Pompe disease in leukocytes has been greatly improved by the introduction of acarbose, a powerful inhibitor of interfering alpha-glucosidases, which are present in granulocytes but not in lymphocytes. Here we show that the application of acarbose in the enzymatic assay employing the artificial substrate 4-methylumbelliferyl-alpha-D:(More)
OBJECTIVE Prenatal diagnosis of cystinosis has been available for over 30 years by the incubation of cultured amniotic cells, intact chorionic villi and cultured chorionic cells with [35S]-cystine followed by thin layer chromatography and visual inspection of autoradiographs of the chromatograms for cystine. This method has proved highly reliable but(More)
Palmitoyl-protein thioesterase (PPT) and tripeptidyl-peptidase I (TPP-I) activities were measured in leucocytes and fibroblasts. Fourteen patients were confirmed as having late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis due to a deficiency of TPP-I activity. This included one patient with a milder and more protracted form of the disease. In addition this(More)