Marie Hélène Le Du

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BACKGROUND Molecular interactions among cytokines and cytokine receptors form the basis of many cell-signaling pathways relevant to immune function. Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) signals through a multimeric receptor complex consisting of two different but structurally related transmembrane chains: the high-affinity receptor-binding subunit (IFN-gammaRalpha)(More)
Human centrin 2 (HsCen2), an EF-hand calcium binding protein, plays a regulatory role in the DNA damage recognition during the first steps of the nucleotide excision repair. This biological action is mediated by the binding to a short fragment (N847-R863) from the C-terminal region of xeroderma pigmentosum group C (XPC) protein. This work presents a(More)
A novel heterodimeric three-finger neurotoxin, irditoxin, was isolated from venom of the brown treesnake Boiga irregularis (Colubridae). Irditoxin subunit amino acid sequences were determined by Edman degradation and cDNA sequencing. The crystal structure revealed two subunits with a three-finger protein fold, typical for "nonconventional" toxins such as(More)
The gene encoding the cytochrome P450 CYP121 is essential for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, the CYP121 catalytic activity remains unknown. Here, we show that the cyclodipeptide cyclo(l-Tyr-l-Tyr) (cYY) binds to CYP121, and is efficiently converted into a single major product in a CYP121 activity assay containing spinach ferredoxin and ferredoxin(More)
The crystal structure of fasciculin 1, a potent acetylcholinesterase inhibitor from green mamba snake venom, has been solved by the multiple isomorphous replacement method complemented with anomalous scattering and subsequently refined at 1.9-A resolution. The overall structure of fasciculin is similar to those of the short alpha-neurotoxins and(More)
UNLABELLED Recent data have pointed to TNALP as a therapeutic target for soft-tissue ossification abnormalities. Here, we used mutagenesis, kinetic analysis, and computer modeling to identify the residues important for the binding of known ALP inhibitors to the TNALP active site. These data will enable drug design efforts aimed at developing improved(More)
Centrins are highly conserved calcium-binding proteins involved in the nucleotide-excision repair pathway as a subunit of the heterotrimer including the XPC and hHR23B proteins. A complex formed by a Ca2+-bound human centrin 2 construct (the wild type lacking the first 25 amino acids) with a 17-mer peptide derived from the XPC sequence (residues(More)
Strontium is used in the treatment of osteoporosis as a ranelate compound, and in the treatment of painful scattered bone metastases as isotope. At very high doses and in certain conditions, it can lead to osteomalacia characterized by impairment of bone mineralization. The osteomalacia symptoms resemble those of hypophosphatasia, a rare inherited disorder(More)
We report the crystal structure of a soluble form of human urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR/CD87), which is expressed at the invasive areas of the tumor-stromal microenvironment in many human cancers. The structure was solved at 2.7 A in association with a competitive peptide inhibitor of the urokinase-type plasminogen activator(More)
The high affinity interaction between the serine protease urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its glycolipid-anchored receptor (uPAR) represents one of the key regulatory steps in cell surface-associated plasminogen activation. On the basis on our crystal structure solved for uPAR in complex with a peptide antagonist, we recently proposed a model(More)