Marie-France Giraud

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dTDP-6-deoxy-L-lyxo-4-hexulose reductase (RmlD) catalyzes the final step in the conversion of dTDP-D-glucose to dTDP-L-rhamnose in an NAD(P)H- and Mg2+-dependent reaction. L-rhamnose biosynthesis is an antibacterial target. The structure of RmlD from Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium has been determined, and complexes with NADH, NADPH, and(More)
The striking feature of carbohydrates is their constitutional, conformational and configurational diversity. Biology has harnessed this diversity and manipulates carbohydrate residues in a variety of ways, one of which is epimerization. RmlC catalyzes the epimerization of the C3' and C5' positions of dTDP-6-deoxy-D-xylo-4-hexulose, forming(More)
Subunits e and g of Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATP synthase are required to maintain ATP synthase dimeric forms. Mutants devoid of these subunits display anomalous mitochondrial morphologies. An expression system regulated by doxycycline was used to modulate the expression of the genes encoding the subunits e and g. A decrease in the amount of subunit e(More)
Blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (BN-PAGE) analyses of detergent mitochondrial extracts have provided evidence that the yeast ATP synthase could form dimers. Cross-linking experiments performed on a modified version of the i-subunit of this enzyme indicate the existence of such ATP synthase dimers in the yeast inner mitochondrial membrane. We(More)
The mitochondrial ATP synthase is made of a membrane-integrated F0 component that forms a proton-permeable pore through the inner membrane and a globular peripheral F1 domain where ATP is synthesized. The catalytic mechanism is thought to involve the rotation of a 10-12 c subunit ring in the F0 together with the gamma subunit of F1. An important and not yet(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION The yeast mitochondrial F(1)F(o)-ATP synthase is a large complex of 600 kDa that uses the proton electrochemical gradient generated by the respiratory chain to catalyse ATP synthesis from ADP and P(i). For a large range of organisms, it has been shown that mitochondrial ATP synthase adopts oligomeric structures. Moreover, several(More)
Mitochondrial F(1)F(o) ATP synthase is an enzymatic complex involved in the aerobic synthesis of ATP. It is well known that several enzymes are organized in supramolecular complexes in the inner mitochondrial membrane. The ATP synthase supramolecular assembly is mediated through two interfaces. One leads to dimer formation and the other to oligomer(More)
Guanylic nucleotide biosynthesis is a conserved and highly regulated process. Drugs reducing GMP synthesis affect the immunological response and mutations enabling guanylic-derivative recycling lead to severe mental retardation. While the effects of decreased GMP synthesis have been well documented, the consequences of GMP overproduction in eukaryotes are(More)
Pre-axial polydactyly type II (PPDII, MIM #174500), Werner mesomelic syndrome (MIM %188770) and Haas polysyndactyly (MIM #186200) are a group of closely related conditions caused by mutations in a long-range Sonic hedgehog (SHH, MIM *600725) regulator called ZRS. To date, 19 point mutations, 10 duplications and 1 triplication of the ZRS associated with(More)
Nm23 was the first metastasis suppressor gene identified. This gene encodes a NDP kinase that also exhibits other properties like histidine protein kinase and interactions with proteins and DNA. The S120G mutant of NDPK-A has been identified in aggressive neuroblastomas and has been found to reduce the metastasis suppressor effect of Nm23. In order to(More)