Marie France Bosseno

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A cross section of a human population (501 individuals) selected at random, and living in a Bolivian community, highly endemic for Chagas disease, was investigated combining together clinical, parasitological and molecular approaches. Conventional serology and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) indicated an active transmission of the infection, a high(More)
Triatoma sordida is the second species of Triatominae considered of epidemiological significance in Bolivia. Associated with Triatoma infestans in various regions, it is as yet the only triatomine species established in human dwellings in localities of Velasco province, Department of Santa Cruz. This domestication is considered as primary. Flagellate(More)
Triatoma guasayana and two putative cryptic species pertaining to T. sordida complex (named groups 1 and 2) occur in sympatry in the Bolivian Chaco. Using multilocus enzyme electrophoresis and subsequent genetic analysis, our work assesses their population distribution and dispersal capacity in domestic, peridomestic, and silvatic environments. Our(More)
Specificity of two widespread Trypanosoma cruzi clonal genotypes or "clonets" (20 and 39) was first analyzed by hybridization with a large set of T. cruzi stocks characterized by multigenic study relying on both MLEE and RAPD. Then, these clonets were detected in the blood of Chagasic children from a Bolivian endemic area by a combination of polymerase(More)
The detection of Trypanosoma cruzi kinetoplast DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification is a potentially powerful tool for the parasitological diagnosis of Chagas' disease. We have applied this technique in a field situation in Bolivia, where 45 children from a primary school were subjected to serological testing, buffy coat analysis and PCR(More)
A large field study has been performed in the Cochabamba region of Bolivia with the aim of comparing the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with other diagnostic methods for Chagas' disease. The amplification of Trypanosoma cruzi-specific kinetoplast DNA sequences in blood samples was compared with classical serological methods, specific IgM detection and(More)
Thirty-six Trypanosomatidae stocks isolated from various hosts and geographical areas in Colombia and 7 others from Bolivia, Chile, Honduras and Panama have been surveyed by Multilocus Enzyme Electrophoresis (MLEE). Part of the Colombian stocks were previously characterized by morphology and biological behavior as belonging to Trypanosoma cruzi and(More)
The detection of two widespread Trypanosoma cruzi clonal genotypes (20 and 39) in feces of Bolivian specimens of the vector Triatoma infestans was performed by a combination of polymerase chain reaction and clone-specific DNA hybridization. The hybridization pattern of 186 PCR positive samples cf T. infestans feces collected in two Bolivian departments(More)
A set of 26 Trypanosoma brucei stocks from various African countries, previously characterized by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE) for 18 polymorphic loci, have been selected to be representative of the three T. brucei classic subspecies. The kinetoplast DNA minicircle variable regions from these stocks have been amplified using the polymerase chain(More)
The risk of domestic transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas) by sylvatic triatomines was assessed in an isolated area of the subandean region of Bolivia. None of the 390 residents examined had serological evidence of infection. Two sylvatic triatomine species, Eratyrus mucronatus (Stål) and Triatoma sordida (Stål), were found in houses and in(More)