Marie-Françoise Petit-Glatron

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Acetobacter diazotrophicus, a nitrogen-fixing bacterium associated with sugar cane, secretes a levansucrase (sucrose-2,6-beta-D-fructan 6-beta-D-fructosyltransferase; EC This enzyme is constitutively expressed and represents more than 70% of the total proteins secreted by strain SRT4. The purified protein consists of a single 58 kDa polypeptide(More)
The Acetobacter diazotrophicus SRT4 gene encoding levansucrase (EC (IsdA) was isolated from a genomic library. The nucleotide sequence of a 2.3 kb DNA fragment sufficient for complementation of a levansucrase-deficient mutant (obtained by EMS treatment) was determined. The IsdA gene (1751 bp) coded for a polypeptide of molecular mass 64.9 kDa with(More)
The levansucrase (sucrose:2,6-beta-D-fructan 6-beta-D-fructosyltransferase, EC structural gene from a Bacillus subtilis mutant strain displaying a low polymerase activity was sequenced. Only one missense mutation changing Arg331 to His was responsible for this modified catalytic property. From this allele we created new mutations by directed(More)
SecA, the translocation ATPase of the preprotein translocase, accounts for 0.25% of the total protein in a degU32(Hy) Bacillus subtilis strain in logarithmic phase. The SecA level remained constant irrespective of the demand for exoprotein production but dropped about 12-fold during the late stationary phase. Modulation of the level of functional SecA(More)
AIMS To develop a strategy to increase the stability of transcripts of structural genes expressed under the control of sacR, the leader region of Bacillus subtilis levansucrase gene. METHODS AND RESULTS Insertion of Shine Dalgarno like sequences in the 5'-untranslated sacR region controlling the expression of sacB. Depending on the number of stabilizing(More)
YfkN isolated from the culture supernatant of Bacillus subtilis in the exponential phase of growth is a protein of 143.5 kDa that derives from a putative large precursor of 159.6 kDa processed at both the N- and C-terminal ends. Pulse-chase experiments indicated that the release occurs slowly with a half-time longer than 30 min, suggesting that the event is(More)
Studies of the equilibrium between native and denatured forms of wild-type levansucrase showed that the denatured form was predominant at 37 degrees C and pH 7 in the absence of free metal. The shift to the native form was promoted by metal ions such as Fe3+ or Ca2+. This metal-dependent refolding process was not observed in levansucrase variants bearing(More)
A weak Ca(2+)-binding site (Ka = 0.8 x 10(3) M-1, at pH 7) was identified in the mature part of levansucrase. An amino acid substitution (Thr-236-->Ile) in this site alters simultaneously the affinity for calcium, the folding transition and the efficiency of the secretion process of levansucrase. Moreover, the ability of the Bacillus subtilis cell wall to(More)
The catalytic properties of levansucrase bound to hydroxyapatite were studied as a possible model for enzyme behaviour when associated in vivo to matrices such as the cell wall of bacteria or tooth surfaces. The activity of the immobilised enzyme was mainly directed towards its polymerase activity. The yield of levan reached 85%. The kcat of the enzyme for(More)
The induction parameters of levansucrase synthesis were the same in Bacillus subtilis strain 168 Marburg and in a derivative, hyperproducing (sacUh) strain. However, only the hyperproducing strain showed an induction lag period. The kinetics of appearance of functional levansucrase mRNA was established. Strain 168 did not release levansucrase, but washing(More)