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A 2.8-kbp DNA region of Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824 containing the putative hydrogenase gene (hydA) was cloned and sequenced. The 1,745-bp hydA encodes a 64,415-Da protein and presents strong identity with the [Fe] hydrogenase genes of Desulfovibrio and Clostridium species. The level of the putative hydA mRNA was high in cells from an acidogenic or(More)
The routine production and storage of frozen doughs are still problematic. Although commercial baker's yeast is highly resistant to environmental stress conditions, it rapidly loses stress resistance during dough preparation due to the initiation of fermentation. As a result, the yeast loses gassing power significantly during storage of frozen doughs. We(More)
Adenylate cyclase activity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is dependent on Ras proteins. Both addition of glucose to glucose-deprived (derepressed) cells and intracellular acidification trigger an increase in the cAMP level in vivo. We show that intracellular acidification, but not glucose, causes an increase in the GTP/GDP ratio on the Ras proteins independent(More)
Xylitol formation by a recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain containing the XYL1 gene from Pichia stipitis CBS 6054 was investigated under three sets of conditions: (a) with glucose, ethanol, acetate, or glycerol as cosubstrates, (b) with different oxygenation levels, and (c) with different ratios of xylose to cosubstrate. With both glucose and(More)
In frozen dough applications a prefermentation period during the preparation of the dough is unavoidable and might also be important to obtain bread with a good texture. A major disadvantage of the prefermentation period is that it is associated with a rapid loss of the freeze resistance of the yeast cells. A major goal for the development of new baker's(More)
The initiation of fermentation in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is associated with a rapid drop in stress resistance. This is disadvantageous for several biotechnological applications, e.g. the preparation of freeze doughs. We have isolated mutants in a laboratory strain which are deficient in fermentation-induced loss of stress resistance ('fil'(More)
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