Marie-Françoise Bourgeade

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BACKGROUND Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and associated liver cirrhosis represent a major risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. TGF-beta is an important driver of liver fibrogenesis and cancer; however, its actual impact in human cancer progression is still poorly known. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of(More)
BACKGROUND Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) plays an important role in renal fibrosis. Measurement of the concentration of the active form of TGF-beta particularly in urine may help our understanding of the mechanism of chronic allograft nephropathy and could be used as a diagnostic tool. However, TGF-beta release and activation are complex and,(More)
Smad proteins are central mediators of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily signaling. The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) p38 is also one of the downstream targets required for TGF-beta-mediated responses. Although the interplay between the p38 and Smad signaling pathways might allow cells to display diverse patterns of(More)
BACKGROUND Interstitial inflammation is a prominent feature associated with the severity of renal injury and progressive kidney failure. We utilized an animal model of aristolochic acid (AA)-induced nephropathy (AAN) to assess patterns of infiltration and inflammation during the evolution of tubulointerstitial damage and to relate them to the development of(More)
Two cell lines that exemplify erythropoietin (EPO) receptor-positive tumors, human renal carcinoma cell lines RCC and the myelomonocytic leukemia cell line U937, were investigated for the apoptosis-modulatory potential of EPO. Cells cultured in the presence of EPO exhibited an elevated apoptotic response to cancer chemotherapeutic agents such as(More)
Primary myelofibrosis is a myeloproliferative neoplasm that is a precursor to myeloid leukemia. Dysmegakaryopoiesis and extramedullary hematopoiesis characterize primary myelofibrosis, which is also associated with bone marrow stromal alterations marked by fibrosis, neoangiogenesis, and osteomyelosclerosis. In particular, contributions to primary(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The mechanisms by which fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) develop during chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are not fully understood. We previously observed that HCV core protein induced a TGF-β-dependent epithelial mesenchymal transition, a process contributing to the promotion of cell invasion and metastasis(More)
Primary myelofibrosis (PMF) is characterized by increased number of hematopoietic progenitors and a dysmegakaryopoiesis which supports the stromal reaction defining this disease. We showed that increased ligand (FL) levels in plasma, hematopoietic progenitors, and stromal cells from PMF patients were associated with upregulation of the cognate Flt3 receptor(More)
The homeodomain protein TGIF (TG-interacting factor) restricts TGF-β/Smad cytostatic signaling by interfering with the nucleocytoplasmic transit of the tumor suppressor cPML. Here, we identify PHRF1 as a ubiquitin ligase that enforces TGIF decay by driving its ubiquitination at lysine 130. In so doing, PHRF1 ensures redistribution of cPML into the(More)
The homeodomain protein TGIF has been implicated in the negative regulation of TGF-beta signaling. In this study, we report an unexpected role of TGIF in the inhibition of Smad2 phosphorylation, which occurs by a mechanism independent of its association with Smad2. This inhibitory function of TGIF is executed in concert with c-Jun, which facilitates the(More)