Marie-Florence Thomas

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Increased nitrogen loading has been implicated in eutrophication occurrences worldwide. Much of this loading is attributable to the growing human population along the world's coastlines. A significant component of this nitrogen input is from sewage effluent, and delineation of the distribution and biological impact of sewage-derived nitrogen is becoming(More)
A previous study carried out by the Center for the Biology of Natural Systems (St. Louis) in Guatemala (OLSZYNA-MARZYS et al. 1973) reported abnormally high concentrations of DDT in samples of mother's milk from donors in three rural Pacific coast communities. In that survey of forty-six donors, total DDT was found to be as high as 12.2 ppm, 244 times the(More)
In fragmented populations, genetic drift and selection reduce genetic diversity, which in turn results in a loss of fitness or in a loss of evolvability. Genetic rescue, that is, controlled input of diversity from distant populations, may restore evolutionary potential, whereas outbreeding depression might counteract the positive effect of this strategy. We(More)
UV spectrophotometry is largely used for water and wastewater quality monitoring. The measurement/estimation of specific and aggregate parameters such as nitrate and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) is possible with UV spectra exploitation, from 2 to multi wavelengths calibration. However, if nitrate determination from UV absorbance is known, major optical(More)
Microbial pollution in aquatic environments is one of the crucial issues with regard to the sanitary state of water bodies used for drinking water supply, recreational activities and harvesting seafood due to a potential contamination by pathogenic bacteria, protozoa or viruses. To address this risk, microbial contamination monitoring is usually assessed by(More)
The issue of climbability has been raised on several occasions for more than a decade in North America. Presently, climbability is estimated from the pole hardness measured by the Pilodyn measurements (6 J). However, the use of Pilodyn measurements to discriminate the pole hardness value is criticized by climbers, who claim that the Pilodyn hardness(More)
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