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Excessive accumulation of glutamate in the CNS leads to excitotoxic neuronal damage. However, glutamate clearance is essentially mediated by astrocytes through Na+-dependent high-affinity glutamate transporters (excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs)). Nevertheless, EAAT function was recently shown to be developmentally restricted in astrocytes and(More)
Degeneration of dopaminergic neurones during Parkinson's disease is most extensive in the subpopulation of melanized-neurones located in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Neuromelanin is a dark pigment produced in the dopaminergic neurones of the human substantia nigra and has the ability to bind a variety of metal ions, especially iron. Post-mortem(More)
Structural aspects of human TCRs that allow the activation of autoreactive T cells by diverse microbial peptides were examined using two human myelin basic protein (MBP)-specific T cell clones. The TCR sequences of these clones differed only in the N region of TCR-alpha and -beta since the clones had the same Valpha-Jalpha and Vbeta-Jbeta rearrangements.(More)
Dopaminergic neurones degenerate during Parkinson's disease and cell loss is most extensive in the subpopulation of melanized neurones located in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Iron accumulation, together with a lack of up-regulation of the iron-storing protein, ferritin, has been reported and may contribute to increased oxidative stress in this(More)
Corticosterone significantly increases the incorporation of [3H]leucine into specific cytosol protein(s) isolated from in vitro hippocampal slices prepared from adult male albino rats. The present study showed that in slices coincubated with glucocorticoid plus a protein synthesis inhibitor (1 mM-cycloheximide), no such enhancement of amino acid(More)
Antibody conjugates were prepared by coupling F(ab')2 or Fab' fragments of an antibody specific for the human high molecular weight-melanoma associated antigen to Fab' fragments of an antibody specific for indium-diethylenetriaminepentaacetate complexes. Monovalent and bivalent haptens were synthesized by reacting the dipeptide tyrosyl-lysine with(More)
A rat lung cell population had been treated with benzo(a)pyrene, and a set of different epithelial cell lines was derived from it. These cell lines carried either a wild-type or mutant p53 gene and represented grading states of neoplastic development. We demonstrate here that the cells lacking both wild-type p53 alleles display a significant decrease in(More)
Immunization can prevent tumor growth, but the effector cells directly responsible for tumor cell killing in immunized hosts remain undetermined. The present study compares tumor grafts that progress in naive syngeneic rats with the same grafts that completely regress in hosts preimmunized with an immunogenic cell variant. The progressive tumors contain(More)
We assessed the anti-human immunodeficiency virus (anti-HIV) activity in vitro of new platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor antagonists, as PAF and viral replication are thought to be involved in HIV neuropathogenesis. We found that PMS-601 inhibited proinflammatory cytokine synthesis and HIV replication in macrophages and potentiated the antiretroviral(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is overexpressed during human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. RP 55778, a TNF-alpha synthesis inhibitor, decreases HIV replication in monocytes/macrophages. Therapeutic use of RP 55778 in vivo, like that of other biological response modifiers, would theoretically require association with dideoxynucleosides. We(More)