Marie-Elisabeth Samson-Bouma

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The microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) is a heterodimer composed of the ubiquitous multifunctional protein, protein disulfide isomerase, and a unique 97-kDa subunit. Mutations that lead to the absence of a functional 97-kDa subunit cause abetalipoproteinemia, an autosomal recessive disease characterized by a defect in the assembly and secretion(More)
Anderson's disease (AD) or chylomicron retention disease (CMRD) is a rare hereditary lipid malabsorption syndrome linked to SARA2 gene mutations. We report in this study a novel mutation in two sisters for which the Sar1b protein is predicted to be truncated by 32 amino acids at its carboxyl-terminus. Because the SARA2 gene is also expressed in the muscle,(More)
The microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) is a dimeric lipid transfer protein consisting of protein disulfide isomerase and a unique 97-kDa subunit. In vitro, MTP accelerates the transport of triglyceride, cholesteryl ester, and phospholipid between membranes. It was recently demonstrated that abetalipoproteinemia, a hereditary disease(More)
BACKGROUND Anderson's disease (AD) or chylomicron retention disease (CMRD) is a very rare hereditary lipid malabsorption syndrome. In order to discover novel mutations in the SAR1B gene and to evaluate the expression, as compared to healthy subjects, of the Sar1 gene and protein paralogues in the intestine, we investigated three previously undescribed(More)
Anderson's disease is a rare, hereditary hypocholesterolemic syndrome characterized by chronic diarrhea, steatorrhea, and failure to thrive associated with the absence of apo B48-containing lipoproteins. To further define the molecular basis of the disease, we studied 8 affected subjects in 7 unrelated families of North African origin after treatment with a(More)
BACKGROUND Anderson's Disease (AD)/Chylomicron Retention Disease (CMRD) is a rare hereditary hypocholesterolemic disorder characterized by a malabsorption syndrome with steatorrhea, failure to thrive and the absence of chylomicrons and apolipoprotein B48 post-prandially. All patients studied to date exhibit a mutation in the SAR1B gene, which codes for an(More)
Secretion of triglycerides by the liver in ruminants as components of very low density lipoproteins particles is low as compared with that in primates or rodents. The rate-limiting steps for the hepatic export of very low density lipoproteins have been studied in liver slices to determine the origin of the low lipotropic capacity of calf liver compared to(More)
We investigated, for the first time, the expression of I- and L-FABP in two very rare hereditary lipid malabsorption syndromes as compared with normal subjects. Abetalipoproteinemia (ABL) and Anderson’s disease (AD) are characterized by an inability to export alimentary lipids as chylomicrons that result in fat loading of enterocytes. Duodeno-jejunal(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Abetalipoproteinemia and Anderson's disease are hereditary lipid malabsorption syndromes. In abetalipoproteinemia, lipoprotein assembly is defective because of mutations in the microsomal triglyceride transfer protein. Here, we evaluated the intracellular transport of apolipoprotein B48 to localize the defect in Anderson's disease. (More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis leading to fibrosis occurs in patients with abetalipoproteinemia (ABL) and homozygous or compound heterozygous familial hypobetalipoproteinemia (Ho-FHBL). We wanted to establish if liver alterations were more frequent in one of both diseases and were influenced by comorbidities. METHODS We report genetic,(More)