Marie-Clotilde Alves-Guerra

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1 In the neonate, adipose tissue and the lung both undergo a rapid transition after birth, 2 which results in dramatic changes in uncoupling protein abundance and glucocorticoid 3 action. Leptin potentially mediates some of these adaptations and is known to promote 4 the loss of uncoupling protein (UCP)1, but its effects on other mitochondrial proteins or 5(More)
BACKGROUND Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) regulates the production of reactive oxygen species in macrophages. However, its role in atherosclerosis is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Irradiated low-density lipoprotein receptor deficient mice (LDLR-/-) were transplanted with bone marrow from either UCP2 deficient mice (Ucp2-/-) or wild type mice (Ucp2+/+). Mice(More)
Many tissues undergo a rapid transition after birth, accompanied by dramatic changes in mitochondrial protein function. In particular, uncoupling protein (UCP) abundance increases at birth in the lung and adipose tissue, to then gradually decline, an adaptation that is important in enabling normal tissue function. Leptin potentially mediates some of these(More)
Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) is suggested to be a regulator of reactive oxygen species production in mitochondria. We performed a detailed study of brain injury, including regional and cellular distribution of UCP2 mRNA, as well as measures of oxidative stress markers following permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in UCP2 knockout (KO) and wild-type(More)
The present study aimed to determine whether porcine genotype and/or postnatal age influenced mRNA abundance or protein expression of uncoupling protein (UCP)2 or 3 in subcutaneous adipose tissue (AT) and skeletal muscle (SM) and the extent to which these differences are associated with breed-specific discordance in endocrine and metabolic profiles. Piglets(More)
Invalidation of uncoupling protein 2 (Ucp2) increases glucose utilization and proliferation in normal cells. We recently reported that cancer cells that overexpress UCP2 become less tumorigenic while switching their metabolism from glycolysis to oxidative phosphorylation. UCP2 appears to be a key regulator of cellular metabolism with a relevant function(More)
General anaesthesia is associated with hypothermia, oxidative stress, and immune depression. Uncoupling Protein (UCP2) is a member of the mitochondrial carrier family present in many organs including the spleen, the lung and the brain. A role of UCP2 in the activation of the inflammatory/immune cells, in the secretion of hormones, and in the excitability of(More)
Uncoupling protein 2 is a member of the mitochondrial anion carrier family that is widely expressed in neurons and the immune cells of humans. Deletion of Ucp2 gene in mice pre-activates the immune system leading to higher resistance toward infection and to an increased susceptibility to develop chronic inflammatory diseases as previously exemplified with(More)
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