Marie-Clotilde Alves-Guerra

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The first member of the uncoupling protein (UCP) family, brown adipose tissue uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1), was identified in 1976. Twenty years later, two closely related proteins, UCP2 and UCP3, were described in mammals. Homologs of these proteins exist in other organisms, including plants. Uncoupling refers to a deterioration of energy conservation(More)
Uncoupling proteins (UCPs) are mitochondrial transporters present in the inner membrane of mitochondria. They are found in all mammals and in plants. They belong to the family of anion mitochondrial carriers including adenine nucleotide transporters. The term "uncoupling protein" was originally used for UCP1, which is uniquely present in mitochondria of(More)
The mitochondrial uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) is expressed in spleen, lung, intestine, white adipose tissue, and immune cells. Bone marrow transplantation in mice was used to assess the contribution of immune cells to the expression of UCP2 in basal condition and during inflammation. Immune cells accounted for the total amount of UCP2 expression in the(More)
Misregulation of the Wnt signaling pathway has been linked to many human cancers including colon carcinoma and melanoma. The primary mediator of the oncogenic effects of the Wnt signaling pathway is beta-catenin. Accumulation of nuclear beta-catenin and transcription activation of lymphoid enhancer factor 1 (LEF1)/T-cell factor (TCF) target genes underlie(More)
Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) is suggested to be a regulator of reactive oxygen species production in mitochondria. We performed a detailed study of brain injury, including regional and cellular distribution of UCP2 mRNA, as well as measures of oxidative stress markers following permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in UCP2 knockout (KO) and wild-type(More)
Lipid perturbations associated with triglyceride overstorage in beta-cells impair insulin secretion, a process termed lipotoxicity. To assess the role of hormone-sensitive lipase, which is expressed and enzymatically active in beta-cells, in the development of lipotoxicity, we generated transgenic mice overexpressing hormone-sensitive lipase specifically in(More)
Invalidation of uncoupling protein 2 (Ucp2) increases glucose utilization and proliferation in normal cells. We recently reported that cancer cells that overexpress UCP2 become less tumorigenic while switching their metabolism from glycolysis to oxidative phosphorylation. UCP2 appears to be a key regulator of cellular metabolism with a relevant function(More)
Cancer cells tilt their energy production away from oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) toward glycolysis during malignant progression, even when aerobic metabolism is available. Reversing this phenomenon, known as the Warburg effect, may offer a generalized anticancer strategy. In this study, we show that overexpression of the mitochondrial membrane(More)
Uncoupling proteins (UCPs) are transporters of the inner mitochondrial membrane. Whereas UCP1 is uniquely present in brown adipose tissue where it uncouples respiration from ATP synthesis and activates respiration and heat production, UCP2 is present in numerous tissues, and its exact function remains to be clarified. Two sets of data provided the rationale(More)
General anaesthesia is associated with hypothermia, oxidative stress, and immune depression. Uncoupling Protein (UCP2) is a member of the mitochondrial carrier family present in many organs including the spleen, the lung and the brain. A role of UCP2 in the activation of the inflammatory/immune cells, in the secretion of hormones, and in the excitability of(More)