Marie-Clotilde Alves-Guerra

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1 In the neonate, adipose tissue and the lung both undergo a rapid transition after birth, 2 which results in dramatic changes in uncoupling protein abundance and glucocorticoid 3 action. Leptin potentially mediates some of these adaptations and is known to promote 4 the loss of uncoupling protein (UCP)1, but its effects on other mitochondrial proteins or 5(More)
Uncoupling proteins (UCPs) are mitochondrial transporters present in the inner membrane of mitochondria. They are found in all mammals and in plants. They belong to the family of anion mitochondrial carriers including adenine nucleotide transporters. The term "uncoupling protein" was originally used for UCP1, which is uniquely present in mitochondria of(More)
BACKGROUND Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) regulates the production of reactive oxygen species in macrophages. However, its role in atherosclerosis is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Irradiated low-density lipoprotein receptor deficient mice (LDLR-/-) were transplanted with bone marrow from either UCP2 deficient mice (Ucp2-/-) or wild type mice (Ucp2+/+). Mice(More)
Many tissues undergo a rapid transition after birth, accompanied by dramatic changes in mitochondrial protein function. In particular, uncoupling protein (UCP) abundance increases at birth in the lung and adipose tissue, to then gradually decline, an adaptation that is important in enabling normal tissue function. Leptin potentially mediates some of these(More)
Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) is suggested to be a regulator of reactive oxygen species production in mitochondria. We performed a detailed study of brain injury, including regional and cellular distribution of UCP2 mRNA, as well as measures of oxidative stress markers following permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in UCP2 knockout (KO) and wild-type(More)
Cancer cells tilt their energy production away from oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) toward glycolysis during malignant progression, even when aerobic metabolism is available. Reversing this phenomenon, known as the Warburg effect, may offer a generalized anticancer strategy. In this study, we show that overexpression of the mitochondrial membrane(More)
The present study aimed to determine whether porcine genotype and/or postnatal age influenced mRNA abundance or protein expression of uncoupling protein (UCP)2 or 3 in subcutaneous adipose tissue (AT) and skeletal muscle (SM) and the extent to which these differences are associated with breed-specific discordance in endocrine and metabolic profiles. Piglets(More)
Invalidation of uncoupling protein 2 (Ucp2) increases glucose utilization and proliferation in normal cells. We recently reported that cancer cells that overexpress UCP2 become less tumorigenic while switching their metabolism from glycolysis to oxidative phosphorylation. UCP2 appears to be a key regulator of cellular metabolism with a relevant function(More)
General anaesthesia is associated with hypothermia, oxidative stress, and immune depression. Uncoupling Protein (UCP2) is a member of the mitochondrial carrier family present in many organs including the spleen, the lung and the brain. A role of UCP2 in the activation of the inflammatory/immune cells, in the secretion of hormones, and in the excitability of(More)
The Notch signaling pathway governs many distinct cellular processes by regulating transcriptional programs. The transcriptional response initiated by Notch is highly cell context dependent, indicating that multiple factors influence Notch target gene selection and activity. However, the mechanism by which Notch drives target gene transcription is not well(More)