Marie-Claude Mokrani

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The neuroendocrine responses to the alpha(2)-adrenoreceptor agonist clonidine (CLO) (0.35 mg if body weight <65 kg or 0.375 mg if body weight> or =65 kg, PO) were studied in a large group of subjects: 134 drug-free inpatients--with either DSM-IV schizophrenia (SCZ, n=31), schizoaffective disorder (SAD, n=16), or major depressive episode (MDE, n=87) - and 22(More)
BACKGROUND This study sought to determine whether changes in thyroid function that may occur during antidepressant treatment are related to a direct effect of the drug on the thyroid axis or to a change in clinical state. METHODS Morning and evening thyroid function was evaluated in 30 euthyroid inpatients who met DSM-IV criteria for major depressive(More)
Recent studies suggest that altered serotonergic (5-HT) function, as assessed by lower prolactin (PRL) response to fenfluramine (FEN), a specific 5-HT releaser and uptake inhibitor, is associated with suicidal behavior in either depressed and personality disordered patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate, in schizophrenic patients, the(More)
1. It has been hypothesized that psychotic symptoms in depression may be due to increased dopamine activity secondary to hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis overactivity. 2. To test this hypothesis, the authors examined the cortisol response to dexamethasone suppression test (DST, 1 mg orally) and multihormonal responses to apomorphine (APO, 0.75 mg(More)
Abnormality of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been one of the most consistently demonstrated biological markers of depressive disorder. It has also been proposed that abnormality of monoamine function plays a role in the pathogenesis of the disorder. In order to examine the interrelationships of the HPA axis with the dopaminergic,(More)
There is evidence for inhibitory effects of adrenocorticosteroids on serotonergic (5-HT) activity. However, in depression the relationship between altered cortisol levels and brain 5-HT function remains to be clarified. The aim of this study was to investigate whether hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis hyperactivity is associated with 5-HT(More)
Evidence suggests that individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have an enhanced sensitization of the hypothalamic--pituitary--adrenocortical (HPA) axis. However, few studies in adolescents have been performed. Fourteen sexually abused adolescent inpatients with DSM-IV PTSD (12 female, two male; mean +/- SD age, 16.2 +/- 1.9 years) were(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment with the atypical antipsychotic risperidone can result in elevated prolactin levels. To date, the relationships between plasma concentrations of prolactin, risperidone and its active 9-hydroxy-metabolite have been little investigated in adolescents with psychosis. METHODS Prolactin levels were determined at baseline in 16 hospitalized(More)
The neuroendocrine responses to subcutaneous (SC) administration of the dopamine (DA) agonist apomorphine (APO) hydrochloride (0.75 mg) were studied in a large group of subjects: 110 drug-free inpatients with either DSM-III-R schizophrenia (SCZ, n = 46), schizoaffective disorder (SAD, n = 14), or major depressive episode (MDE, n = 50), plus 18 hospitalized(More)
This study examined the prolactin (PRL), adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and cortisol responses to the direct DA receptor agonist apomorphine (APO) and the selective 5HT-releasing agent d-fenfluramine (d-FEN) in 20 untreated inpatients with DSM-IV schizophrenia and without a history of suicide attempt, compared to 23 hospitalized healthy controls. We(More)