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The neuroendocrine responses to the alpha(2)-adrenoreceptor agonist clonidine (CLO) (0.35 mg if body weight <65 kg or 0.375 mg if body weight> or =65 kg, PO) were studied in a large group of subjects: 134 drug-free inpatients--with either DSM-IV schizophrenia (SCZ, n=31), schizoaffective disorder (SAD, n=16), or major depressive episode (MDE, n=87) - and 22(More)
BACKGROUND This study sought to determine whether changes in thyroid function that may occur during antidepressant treatment are related to a direct effect of the drug on the thyroid axis or to a change in clinical state. METHODS Morning and evening thyroid function was evaluated in 30 euthyroid inpatients who met DSM-IV criteria for major depressive(More)
Abnormality of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been one of the most consistently demonstrated biological markers of depressive disorder. It has also been proposed that abnormality of monoamine function plays a role in the pathogenesis of the disorder. In order to examine the interrelationships of the HPA axis with the dopaminergic,(More)
Recent studies suggest that altered serotonergic (5-HT) function, as assessed by lower prolactin (PRL) response to fenfluramine (FEN), a specific 5-HT releaser and uptake inhibitor, is associated with suicidal behavior in either depressed and personality disordered patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate, in schizophrenic patients, the(More)
The dexamethasone suppression test (DST) and the clonidine stimulation test (CST) were studied in 47 depressed patients. Issues addressed included (1) the usefulness of both tests as markers of major depression; (2) the relationship between the two tests and the pathophysiology underlying this relationship; and (3) the psychopathological correlates of both(More)
1. It has been hypothesized that psychotic symptoms in depression may be due to increased dopamine activity secondary to hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis overactivity. 2. To test this hypothesis, the authors examined the cortisol response to dexamethasone suppression test (DST, 1 mg orally) and multihormonal responses to apomorphine (APO, 0.75 mg(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment with the atypical antipsychotic risperidone can result in elevated prolactin levels. To date, the relationships between plasma concentrations of prolactin, risperidone and its active 9-hydroxy-metabolite have been little investigated in adolescents with psychosis. METHODS Prolactin levels were determined at baseline in 16 hospitalized(More)
There is evidence for inhibitory effects of adrenocorticosteroids on serotonergic (5-HT) activity. However, in depression the relationship between altered cortisol levels and brain 5-HT function remains to be clarified. The aim of this study was to investigate whether hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis hyperactivity is associated with 5-HT(More)
The neuroendocrine responses to subcutaneous (SC) administration of the dopamine (DA) agonist apomorphine (APO) hydrochloride (0.75 mg) were studied in a large group of subjects: 110 drug-free inpatients with either DSM-III-R schizophrenia (SCZ, n = 46), schizoaffective disorder (SAD, n = 14), or major depressive episode (MDE, n = 50), plus 18 hospitalized(More)
We studied the thyrotropin response to protirelin challenge (200 micrograms intravenously) at 8 am and at 11 pm after a minimum washout period of 10 days in 29 euthyroid inpatients who met DSM-III-R criteria for major depressive episode and 20 normal volunteer controls. The maximum increment in thyrotropin above baseline (delta thyrotropin) was(More)