Marie-Claude Ménard

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The goal of this study was to assess the effect of novelty on correct recognition (hit minus false alarms) and on recollection and familiarity processes in normal aging and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Recognition tasks compared well-known and novel stimuli in the verbal domain (words vs. pseudowords) and in the musical domain (well-known vs.(More)
Persons with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) do not meet criteria for Alzheimer's disease (AD) but are at high risk for developing the disease. Presence of a memory deficit is a key component in the characterization of MCI. This chapter presents empirical studies that attempt to describe and understand the nature of the memory deficit in MCI with a focus on(More)
Musical memory was tested in Alzheimer patients and in healthy older adults using long-term and short-term memory tasks. Long-term memory (LTM) was tested with a recognition procedure using unfamiliar melodies. Short-term memory (STM) was evaluated with same/different judgment tasks on short series of notes. Musical memory was compared to verbal memory(More)
Selected characteristics were prospectively compared in the speech and voice of 10 patients managed with near-total laryngectomy. Tape-recorded speech samples were measured for durational features with a stopwatch. Acoustic features were analyzed with the Computerized Speech Lab and the Multidimensional Voice Program from Kay Elemetrics. Speech and voice(More)
We report on 130 ethmoidal cancers. 96 (74%) were adenocarcinomas (ADKE). 110 were operated upon between 1984 and 1996: 9.1% T1 + T2, 27.7% T3, 36.2% T4a, 27% T4b. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy was administered in 93 patients (76 ADKE). Combined surgical route was performed 103 times, sub-fronto-orbito-nasal (SFON) route 7 times. Post-operative radiotherapy was(More)
The authors, since 1985, have used 587 Madreporic Coral grafts as bone substitute in a total of 183 patients, among them in 80 cases for repair of cranial base bone defects. They report their long-term results. Partial resorption to about 40% of the initial volume occurred in almost all cases within 8 to 10 months, with complete resorption after about one(More)
The indications of partial supracricoid laryngectomy have become more numerous since the first descriptions made by Majer, Labayle and Piquet. The study of the published functional results emphasizes that false passages during deglutition are the main postoperative problem. This technical note is aimed at drawing attention to the various points to be(More)
The prognosis of malignant tumours of the olfactory epithelium of the nasal vault stays very poor. In the literature, the 5-year actuarial survival rate ranges between 50% and 65%; the 5-year recovery rate is 15% due to the high frequency of locoregional reoccurrences (60%) and metastasis (35-40%). Up to now chemotherapy was suggested as palliative(More)
Lateral rhinotomy, midface degloving approach and medial maxillectomy are described. Lateral rhinotomy allows for a wide surgical approach, complete tumor removal with safe margins and satisfying cosmetic result. Lateral rhinotomy with medial maxillectomy is recommended for surgical resection of ethmoid sinus carcinoma. This surgical approach allows for a(More)
We describe the main neurosurgical approaches in use for removing cancers of the ethmoid region: a) the classical subfrontal procedure usually combined with a transfacial approach, b) the sub-fronto-orbito-nasal approach (SFON) now performed in a majority of procedures as long as the tumor does not present with a large intra-cranial and/or maxillary(More)