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To examine the local actions of IGF signaling in skeletal tissue in a physiological context, we have used Cre-mediated recombination to disrupt selectively in mouse osteoblasts the gene encoding the type 1 IGF receptor (Igf1r). Mice carrying this bone-specific mutation were of normal size and weight but, in comparison with normal siblings, demonstrated a(More)
Renal transplant recipients are at risk of developing bone abnormalities that result in bone loss and bone fractures. These are related to underlying renal osteodystrophy, hypophosphatemia, and immunosuppressive treatment regimen. Although bisphosphonates are useful in ameliorating bone mineral loss after transplantation, it is not known whether their use(More)
This study represents the first randomized prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the efficacy of 1,25(OH)2D3 on bone histology and serum biochemistry in patients with mild to moderate renal failure. Sixteen patients with chronic renal impairment (creatinine clearance 20 to 59 ml per min) received either 1,25(OH)2D3, at a dose of 0.25 to 0.5(More)
The singular and combined effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25-(OH)2D] and PTH on bone were evaluated in a long term in vivo study in dogs. Dogs were rendered deficient in 1,25-(OH)2D and PTH by five sixths nephrectomy and parathyroidectomy. A control group was sham operated. Various combinations in status of 1,25-(OH)2D and PTH were produced by daily(More)
To study aluminum-related bone disease, bone biopsies and serum biochemical measurements were done in 97 patients on maintenance dialysis and in 100 patients with mild to moderate renal failure. Bone histology, histochemical staining for aluminum and determination of bone aluminum content were done. Stainable bone aluminum was found in 50% of dialyzed(More)
Predictive value of plasma levels of bone Gla-protein (BGP) for bone histology was evaluated in 30 chronically dialyzed patients. All patients underwent bone biopsies and serum biochemical parameters, including BGP, parathyroid hormone, and alkaline phosphatase; calcium and phosphate were measured at the time of biopsy. Bone histology showed renal(More)
To determine whether bone cellular abnormality affects the results of cemented femoral arthroplasty, 21 patients had biopsies of the iliac crest and femoral cortex at the time of surgery. Roentgenographic and histomorphometric studies were used to characterize fibrous membrane formation, cancellous bone, calcar resorption, and bone turnover. Patients with(More)
The effects of accumulation of aluminum on cancellous bone mass and histomorphometric parameters of bone formation and resorption are evaluated in three separate studies: a cross-sectional study in 120 patients receiving long-term maintenance dialysis, including patients with and without stainable bone aluminum; a longitudinal retrospective study in eight(More)