Marie-Claude Bourdillon

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The aim of our work was to determine whether fatty acid modifications in smooth muscle cell phospholipids affect cholesterol efflux and desorption. [3H]Cholesterol was used to label cholesterol pools in the whole cell or selectively in the plasma membrane. Cells were incubated for 12 h in order to increase oleate, linoleate, arachidonate, eicosapentaenoic(More)
Intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1, a major adhesion molecule, plays a critical role in the homing of leukocytes to sites of atherosclerotic lesions. However, very little is known on the role of ICAM-1 in initiating and perpetuating vascular lesions in ApoE(-/-) mice fed a chow or a fat diet. This study has investigated the mean aortic lesions in mice(More)
OBJECTIVE Atherosclerosis involves an inflammatory process characterized by cellular and molecular responses. A slow-clearance blood-pool paramagnetic agent (CMD-A2-Gd-DOTA: P717) chemically modified to create a functionalized product (F-P717) for targeting inflammation in vessel walls was evaluated in vivo in mice. METHODS AND RESULTS Carboxylate and(More)
In this report, we have shown that the standard laboratory diet administered to Psammomys obesus (sand rat) from Beni Abbes in Algeria, induced a non-insulin dependent diabetes, characterised by increase of body weight (p<0.001) as well as hyperinsulinemia, hyperglycemia and hypercholesterolemia. In cultured aortic smooth muscle cells (SMC) of sand rats,(More)
During the atherogenic processin vivo, arterial smooth muscle cells (SMC) undergo changes in their phenotype. In the present study, rat SMC from primary cultures and from subcultures before 10 and after 200 passages, showing contractile-like, synthetic and transformed phenotypes, respectively, were compared in regard to their lipid content and biosynthesis.(More)
Smooth muscle cell proliferation is an important feature of atherogenesis. Some works have hypothesized that a transformation of smooth muscle cells could arise during this pathological process. The present paper describes two spontaneously transformed cell lines of arterial smooth muscle cells (SMC) established from aortic media of adult rat. The cell(More)
One of the key features of atherosclerosis formation and progression is 'dedifferentiation' of contractile arterial smooth muscle cells (SMC) in synthetic cells. In primary cultures and subcultures before 10 and after 200 passages, SMC exhibit contractile-like, synthetic and transformed phenotypes, respectively, providing a good model for studying(More)
To develop an MRI method for the evaluation of contrast enhancement in early atherosclerotic plaque development in the abdominal aorta of a mouse model. Male apoE−/− mice from three groups, respectively 4 (n = 6), 8 (n = 11) and 16 (n = 4) weeks were included. Axial T1 spin echo images of the abdominal aorta were obtained above and below the renal arteries(More)
In order to define metabolic profiles of smooth muscle cell (SMC) modulation, 16 enzyme activities linked to nucleotide hydrolysis, lipolysis, lysosomal reactivity and intermediate glucose catabolism were compared in four rat arterial models, exhibiting four metabolic phenotypes of modulated smooth muscle cells: (i) "primary synthetic" statein immature(More)
OBJECTIVE Because inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) reduces the onset of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and prevents atherosclerosis, we investigated the expression of RAS in the arterial wall of T2D and nondiabetic (CTR) patients. METHODS AND RESULTS mRNA and protein levels of angiotensinogen (AGT), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and AT1(More)