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BACKGROUND Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy has been reported to be associated with renal diseases, mostly focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). However, the common mechanisms underlying the neuropathy and FSGS remain unknown. Mutations in INF2 were recently identified in patients with autosomal dominant FSGS. INF2 encodes a formin protein that interacts(More)
Glomerular disease is one of the most common causes of end-stage renal failure. Increasing evidence suggests that these glomerulopathies are frequently caused by primary lesions in the renal podocytes. One of the major consequences of podocyte lesions is the accumulation of mesangial matrix in the glomerular basement membrane, a process called(More)
Cerebello-oculo-renal syndrome (CORS), also called Joubert syndrome type B, and Meckel (MKS) syndrome belong to the group of developmental autosomal recessive disorders that are associated with primary cilium dysfunction. Using SNP mapping, we identified missense and truncating mutations in RPGRIP1L (KIAA1005) in both CORS and MKS, and we show that(More)
Alternative splicing of Wt1 results in the insertion or omission of the three amino acids KTS between zinc fingers 3 and 4. In vitro experiments suggest distinct molecular functions for + and -KTS isoforms. We have generated mouse strains in which specific isoforms have been removed. Heterozygous mice with a reduction of +KTS levels develop(More)
Late symptoms of infantile cystinosis were evaluated in 19 patients aged 15–26 years who had a high graft survival following kidney transplantation. The end-stage cystinotic kidney was responsible for renal hypertension in 5 patients following grafts. Photophobia did not increase in relation to age, but 3 patients became blind and 1 lost the sight in one(More)
The WT1 gene encodes a zinc finger transcription factor involved in kidney and gonadal development and, when mutated, in the occurrence of kidney tumor and glomerular diseases. Patients with Denys-Drash syndrome present with early nephrotic syndrome with diffuse mesangial sclerosis progressing rapidly to end-stage renal failure, male pseudohermaphroditism,(More)
Alport syndrome (AS) is a type IV collagen hereditary disease characterized by progressive hematuric nephritis, hearing loss, and ocular changes. Mutations in the COL4A5 collagen gene are responsible for the more common X-linked dominant form of the disease characterized by much less severe disease in girls and women. A "European Community Alport Syndrome(More)
Autosomal recessive renal tubular dysgenesis is a severe disorder of renal tubular development characterized by persistent fetal anuria and perinatal death, probably due to pulmonary hypoplasia from early-onset oligohydramnios (Potter phenotype). Absence or paucity of differentiated proximal tubules is the histopathological hallmark of the disease and may(More)
Renal tubular dysgenesis is a clinical disorder that is observed in fetuses and characterized by the absence or poor development of proximal tubules, early onset and persistent oligohydramnios that leads to the Potter sequence, and skull ossification defects. It may be acquired during fetal development or inherited as an autosomal recessive disease. It was(More)
Podocytes are specialized epithelial cells covering the basement membrane of the glomerulus in the kidney. The molecular mechanisms underlying the role of podocytes in glomerular filtration are still largely unknown. We generated podocin-deficient (Nphs2-/-) mice to investigate the function of podocin, a protein expressed at the insertion of the slit(More)