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A novel bacterium, strain b6(T) (T=type strain), was isolated from a disused mine site by growth using arsenite [As(III)] as energy source in a simple mineral medium. Cells of strain b6(T) were rod-shaped, Gram-negative, non-sporulating and motile. Optimum growth occurred at temperatures between 20 and 30 degrees C, and at pH between 4.0 and 7.5. Strain(More)
In the French West Indies (FWI), the soil, andosols, ferralsols and nitisols, is highly polluted by chlordecone, although this organochlorine insecticide extensively applied to banana crops has been banned for 20years. This contamination has led to a major human health concern inducing the need for remediation of the contaminated soils. Work was conducted(More)
High levels of arsenic in groundwater and drinking water are a major health problem. Although the processes controlling the release of As are still not well known, the reductive dissolution of As-rich Fe oxyhydroxides has so far been a favorite hypothesis. Decoupling between arsenic and iron redox transformations has been experimentally demonstrated, but(More)
Biochemical methods were selected to evaluate the role of exopolymeric substances in the stability of biofilms used in bioremediation processes. Biofilms of Thiomonas arsenivorans formed on pozzolana were thus treated with pronase (protein target), lectins (Con A or PNA), calcofluor or periodic acid (polysaccharides target), DNase (DNA target), and lipase(More)
The degradation of the herbicide acetochlor, in a neoluvisol and in a calcosol were studied as a function of depth (0-25cm and 25-50cm) and temperature (25 degrees C and 15 degrees C) under controlled laboratory conditions during 58 and 90 days, respectively. The surface and sub-surface soil samples were respectively spiked with 1 and 0.01mgkg(-1) of(More)
A novel approach is developed for predicting body trajectories for cancer progression, where conditional probabilities of clinical data are modeled using Hidden Markov Model techniques. Basically, each potential body site is encoded by an N-letter code, and a disease trajectory is described in terms of a string of letters. Patient data base records are then(More)
The combined processes of biological As(III) oxidation and removal of As(III) and As(V) by zero-valent iron were investigated with synthetic water containing high As(III) concentration (10 mg L(-1)). Two up-flow fixed-bed reactors (R1 and R2) were filled with 2 L of sieved sand (d = 3 ± 1 mm) while zero-valent iron powder (d = 76 μm; 1% (w/w) of sand) was(More)
The trapping of arsenic by zero valent iron is strongly dependant on iron by-products. Among these, lepidocrite has been scarcely studied. In this work, we studied the adsorption of two inorganic (As(III), As(V)) and one organic (dimethylarsinic acid, DMA) arsenic species onto lepidocrocite. pH influence was considered in the range 5 to 9, which corresponds(More)
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