Marie-Christine Delmas

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BACKGROUND Several studies have investigated the association between pollen exposure and asthma emergency admissions, but only 2 have investigated the effect of airborne allergens on consultations for rhinitis or conjunctivitis and none has used drug consumption as the health indicator. OBJECTIVE To analyze the short-term association between pollen(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the impact of HIV-related immunodeficiency and antiretroviral treatment on the occurrence and evolution of abnormal Papanicolaou tests. STUDY DESIGN Cohort of 485 HIV-infected women with a known date of infection, enrolled during May 1993-April 1998 in 23 centres (gynaecology, infectious disease or STD clinics, or drug treatment(More)
To quantify the impact of foodborne diseases on health, and set priorities for data collection, prevention and control of these diseases, we compiled and analyzed information from surveillance systems and other sources on the morbidity and mortality due to foodborne infectious diseases in mainland France in the last decade of the 20th century. Illness due(More)
BACKGROUND A study was undertaken of deaths with an underlying or associated cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and trends in COPD mortality from 1979 to 2002 in France were analysed. METHODS Data were obtained from the Centre of Epidemiology on the Medical Causes of Death (CépiDc) for individuals aged 45 years and over. Owing to(More)
OBJECTIVES Because most HIV-infected women are of reproductive age, we investigated whether their reproduction planning was affected by their HIV diagnosis. DESIGN The European women study is a prospective, multicentre cohort of 485 HIV-infected women with a known interval of seroconversion. METHODS The incidence of pregnancy was measured with(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the circumstances of the first HIV-positive test and to study the determinants of a delayed diagnosis of HIV infection. METHODS In a retrospective study among adult AIDS patients diagnosed between July 1993 and May 1995 in two French districts, data on socioeconomic characteristics, circumstances of first HIV-positive test and(More)
This article presents a review of the most recent data on descriptive epidemiology of asthma in France. The latest national surveys show a cumulative prevalence of asthma of more than 10% in children aged 10 years or more and a prevalence of current asthma from 6 to 7% in adults. In 2006, 1038 deaths from asthma were registered (64 deaths among people aged(More)
INTRODUCTION Most admissions for asthma are preventable. The objective of this study was to describe readmissions for asthma. METHODS We used the nationwide hospital database to identify readmissions for asthma in patients aged two to 44 years recorded in metropolitan France between 2002 and 2005. We selected patients having a main diagnosis of asthma or(More)
OBJECTIVES Study of the clinical risk factors of preeclampsia during a single pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective case-control study during five years. RESULTS One hundred and eighty-eight cases of preeclampsia have been studied, with 147 called severe (78.2%). We find as risk factors: first pregnancy (OR=2.11; IC 95% [1.30-3.35]),(More)
Mortality from asthma has decreased in many countries since the 1990s. Mortality statistics are usually based only on the underlying cause of death. The objectives of this study were to describe the characteristics of deaths and the trends in asthma-related mortality using multiple-cause analysis. Data were obtained from the French Centre of Epidemiology on(More)