Marie-Christine Alessi

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The link between plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 and the metabolic syndrome with obesity was established many years ago. Increased PAI-1 level can be now considered a true component of the syndrome. The metabolic syndrome is associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, and PAI-1 overexpression may participate in this(More)
In adipose tissue from both obese mice and humans, plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) expression has been reported to be upregulated to levels of increased plasma PAI-1. This elevated expression has been shown to be partly controlled by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in mice. In humans, increased PAI-1 expression is associated with insulin(More)
BACKGROUND It is well established that adipose tissue plays a key role in energy storage and release but is also a secretory organ and a source of stem cells. Among different lineages, stem cells are able to differentiate into adipocytes and osteoblasts. As secreted proteins could regulate the balance between both lineages, we aimed at characterizing the(More)
BACKGROUND Venous Thrombosis (VT) is a common multifactorial disease associated with a major public health burden. Genetics factors are known to contribute to the susceptibility of the disease but how many genes are involved and their contribution to VT risk still remain obscure. We aimed to identify genetic variants associated with VT risk. (More)
Elevated plasma plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 observed during insulin resistance has been connected with an excessive PAI-1 adipose tissue secretion mainly by visceral fat. Our aim was to compare the localization of PAI-1 in human visceral and subcutaneous fats. PAI-1 secretion was also investigated in vitro during human adipocyte differentiation.(More)
Glucocorticoids play an important role in determining adipose tissue metabolism and distribution. Patients with Cushing's syndrome or receiving corticosteroid therapy develop a reversible visceral obesity. In obese patients, although circulating concentrations of cortisol are not consistently elevated, local conversion of inactive cortisone to active(More)
Gray platelet syndrome (GPS) is a predominantly recessive platelet disorder that is characterized by mild thrombocytopenia with large platelets and a paucity of α-granules; these abnormalities cause mostly moderate but in rare cases severe bleeding. We sequenced the exomes of four unrelated individuals and identified NBEAL2 as the causative gene; it has no(More)
An increased plasma plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) level is a risk factor for myocardial infarction, particularly when associated with visceral obesity. Although the link between PAI-1 and obesity is well documented, little is known about the physiological relevance of PAI-1 production by adipose tissue. Therefore, we have compared adipose tissue(More)
OBJECTIVE The effect of a novel small molecule plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) inhibitor on adipose tissue physiology was investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS In human preadipocyte cultures, PAI-039 inhibited both basal and glucose-stimulated increases in active PAI-1 antigen, yet had no effect on PAI-1 mRNA, suggesting a direct inactivation of(More)