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OBJECTIVES We investigated the agreement between different platelet tests to identify clopidogrel non response. BACKGROUND Biological definition of clopidogrel non response remains controversial. Different platelet tests have been linked with recurrent ischemic events and proposed for daily practice. METHODS We prospectively investigated the agreement(More)
OBJECTIVES We analyzed the benefit of a 600-mg clopidogrel loading dose on platelet reactivity and clinical outcomes after stenting for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE ACS). BACKGROUND High post-treatment platelet reactivity (HPPR = adenosine diphosphate 10 mumol x l(-1) [ADP]-induced platelet aggregation >70%) is a marker for low(More)
Elevated plasma plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 observed during insulin resistance has been connected with an excessive PAI-1 adipose tissue secretion mainly by visceral fat. Our aim was to compare the localization of PAI-1 in human visceral and subcutaneous fats. PAI-1 secretion was also investigated in vitro during human adipocyte differentiation.(More)
BACKGROUND Variability in platelet response to clopidogrel and its clinical relevance have been well described. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Recently, the T744C polymorphism of the P2Y12 receptor gene has been associated with enhanced platelet aggregation in healthy volunteers, suggesting a possible mechanism for modulation of(More)
The tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) converting enzyme (ADAM17) is a metalloprotease that cleaves several transmembrane proteins, including TNF and its receptors (TNFR1 and TNFR2). We recently showed that the shedding activity of ADAM17 is sequestered in lipid rafts and that cholesterol depletion increased the shedding of ADAM17 substrates. These data(More)
TNF alpha converting enzyme (TACE) critically regulates the inflammatory processes as it releases from the cell surface several transmembrane proteins, including TNFalpha (TNF) and its receptors TNFR1 and TNFR2. We investigated the expression of TACE in atherosclerotic lesions of apolipoproteinE-deficient (apoE (-/-)) mice. Five-week-old apoE(-/-) male mice(More)
Embryonic stem (ES) cells differentiate in vitro into all cell lineages. We previously found that the p38 mitogen activated kinase (p38MAPK) pathway controls the commitment of ES cells toward either cardiomyogenesis (p38 on) or neurogenesis (p38 off ). In this study, we show that p38α knock-out ES cells do not differentiate into cardiac, endothelial, smooth(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase activity is essential for proper extracellular matrix remodeling that takes place during adipose tissue formation. Four tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMPs) regulate their activity. However, the role of TIMPs in adipocyte differentiation is poorly understood. We found that the expression of all TIMPs was modified(More)
Combined antiplatelet treatment with aspirin and clopidogrel is pivotal to minimize periprocedural adverse events in patients who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention. However, there is debate on the best clopidogrel loading dose. The investigators performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the optimal clopidogrel loading dose. Pertinent(More)
The link between plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 and the metabolic syndrome with obesity was established many years ago. Increased PAI-1 level can be now considered a true component of the syndrome. The metabolic syndrome is associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, and PAI-1 overexpression may participate in this(More)