Marie-Christine Alessi

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Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a complex disease that has a major genetic component of risk. To identify genetic factors that may modify the risk of VTE, we conducted a genome-wide association study by analyzing approximately 317 000 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 453 VTE cases and 1327 controls. Only 3 SNPs located in the FV and ABO blood group(More)
The link between plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 and the metabolic syndrome with obesity was established many years ago. Increased PAI-1 level can be now considered a true component of the syndrome. The metabolic syndrome is associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, and PAI-1 overexpression may participate in this(More)
Gray platelet syndrome (GPS) is a predominantly recessive platelet disorder that is characterized by mild thrombocytopenia with large platelets and a paucity of α-granules; these abnormalities cause mostly moderate but in rare cases severe bleeding. We sequenced the exomes of four unrelated individuals and identified NBEAL2 as the causative gene; it has no(More)
Human atherosclerotic plaques express the metalloprotease tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha converting enzyme (TACE/ADAM-17), which cleaves several transmembrane proteins including TNF and its receptors (TNFR-1 and TNFR-2). Plaques also harbor submicron vesicles (microparticles, MPs) released from plasma membranes after cell activation or apoptosis. We(More)
Cerebral malaria is an acute encephalopathy evolving from an infection with Plasmodium falciparum which kills more than one million people each year. Brain tissues from patients who died with cerebral malaria revealed multifocal capillary obstruction by parasitised red blood cells, platelets, and leukocytes. Many studies are unified in their proposal of two(More)
OBJECTIVES We analyzed the benefit of a 600-mg clopidogrel loading dose on platelet reactivity and clinical outcomes after stenting for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE ACS). BACKGROUND High post-treatment platelet reactivity (HPPR = adenosine diphosphate 10 mumol x l(-1) [ADP]-induced platelet aggregation >70%) is a marker for low(More)
Glucocorticoids play an important role in determining adipose tissue metabolism and distribution. Patients with Cushing's syndrome or receiving corticosteroid therapy develop a reversible visceral obesity. In obese patients, although circulating concentrations of cortisol are not consistently elevated, local conversion of inactive cortisone to active(More)
Genetic polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoforms may promote variability in platelet response to clopidogrel. This study was conducted to analyze, in 603 patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes, the effect of CYP3A4, CYP3A5, and CYP2C19 gene polymorphisms on clopidogrel response and post-treatment platelet reactivity assessed by(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to compare the effect of 2 proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) on platelet response to clopidogrel after coronary stenting for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE ACS). BACKGROUND Use of omeprazole has been reported to significantly decrease the clopidogrel antiplatelet effect because of cytochrome P450(More)
Since the discovery that mutations in the 59 untranslated region (UTR) of ANKRD26 are responsible for an autosomal-dominant form of thrombocytopenia (ANKRD26-RT), 21 affected families were reported. A study analyzing this series of patients suggested that ANKRD26-RT is characterized by normal platelet size, moderate thrombocytopenia, and absent or mild(More)