Marie-Christiane Moreau

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The increase in the transcellular passage of intact antigens across the digestive epithelium infected with Helicobacter pylori may interfere with the regulation of mucosal immune responses. The aim of this work was to study the capacity of Helicobacter infection to inhibit the development of oral tolerance or to promote allergic sensitization and the(More)
Previous work has shown that the indigenous gut microflora in mice plays a protective role against Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin (LT)-mediated abrogation of oral tolerance to an unrelated co-ingested protein. To assess potential protection by human gut microflora, we studied the effect of human gut microflora in a murine model. Oral tolerance was(More)
Endotoxin from fresly sedimented Bordetella pertussis cells, isolated by the phenol/water procedure when submitted to kinetically controlled, mild acidic hydrolysis released a polysaccharide (polysaccharide 1), a complex lipid (lipid X), and a glycolipid. When treated with somewhat stronger acid, the glycolipid yielded a second polysaccharide(More)
The phosphodiesterase inhibitors 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX; 100 microM) and papaverine (100 microM) increased peak L-type Ca current (ICa) more than fivefold in a way similar to isoproterenol, forskolin, or intracellular adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate in guinea pig ventricular myocytes studied with the whole cell voltage-clamp technique at(More)
The isolated polysaccharide chain, PS-1, of the Bordetella pertussis endotoxin was examined by isoelectric focusing, SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and gel filtration for heterogeneity and for possible contamination by the parent endotoxin. This polysaccharide, previously found to be a very potent, macrophage-dependent, polyclonal B-cell activator(More)
The presence of bound D-glucuronic acid in the endotoxin of Bordetella pertussis was demonstrated. The branched chain trisaccharide named in the title was isolated after hydrolysis of the endotoxin with 3 M HCl for 2 h at 100 degrees C. Its structure was established by chemical and enzymic degradation.
The tetrasaccharide beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1,3)-beta-D-glucopyranuronyl-(1, 2)-L-glycero-alpha-D-manno-heptopyranosyl-(1,5)-3-deoxy-D-manno-2- octulosonic acid was isolated after treatment of polysaccharide 1 of Bordetella pertussis endotoxin with nitrous acid. Taking into account previously identified di- and trisaccharide fragments and analytical data(More)
4-O-(2-Amino-2-deoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-6-O-(2-amino-2-deoxy-alpha-D-galactopyranuronyl)-D-glucopyranose, a branched-chain trisaccharide, was isolated after hydrolysis of Bordetella pertussis endotoxin with 4 M HCl for 1 h at 100 degrees C. The trisaccharide was present in both polysaccharide moieties of the two constituent lipopolysaccharides of this(More)
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