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BACKGROUND The 2 major dietary sources of trans fatty acids (TFAs) are partially hydrogenated oils and ruminant-derived products. Epidemiologic data suggest that chronic consumption of industrial sources of TFAs could be damaging to insulin sensitivity, but intervention studies on this issue have remained inconclusive. OBJECTIVE The trial was designed to(More)
On a nutritional standpoint, lipids are now being studied beyond their energy content and fatty acid (FA) profiles. Dietary FA are building blocks of a huge diversity of more complex molecules such as triacylglycerols (TAG) and phospholipids (PL), themselves organised in supramolecular structures presenting different thermal behaviours. They are generally(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged postprandial hypertriglyceridemia is a potential risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. In the context of obesity, this is associated with a chronic imbalance of lipid partitioning oriented toward storage and not toward β-oxidation. OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that the physical structure of fat in a meal can modify the(More)
Circulating lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) is an acute-phase reactant known to be increased in obesity. We hypothesised that LBP is produced by adipose tissue (AT) in association with obesity. LBP mRNA and LBP protein levels were analysed in AT from three cross-sectional (n = 210, n = 144 and n = 28) and three longitudinal (n = 8, n = 25, n = 20)(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) is primarily recognized to protect against cardiovascular diseases, cognitive dysfunctions and the onset of obesity and associated metabolic disorders. However, some of their properties such as bioavailability can depend on their chemical carriers. The objective of our study was to test the(More)
BACKGROUND The digestion fate of milk fat depending on its supramolecular structure for a given dairy product composition has rarely been studied. AIM OF THE STUDY To highlight differences of lipid digestion, we measured (i) the plasma triacylglycerol and cholesterol concentrations and (ii) the total plasma fatty acid profile of fasted rats force-fed with(More)
Metabolic diseases such as obesity are characterized by a subclinical inflammatory state that contributes to the development of insulin resistance and atherosclerosis. Recent reports also indicate that (i) there are alterations of the intestinal microbiota in metabolic diseases and (ii) absorption of endogenous endotoxins (namely lipopolysaccharides, LPS)(More)
Only a few results are available on the size of human milk fat globules (MFG), despite its significance regarding fat digestion in the infant, and no data are available at <24 h postpartum (PP). We measured the MFG size distribution in colostrum and transitional human milk in comparison with fat globules of mature milk and infant formula. Colostrum and(More)
Animal studies using a high-fat diet (HFD) have studied the effects of lipid overconsumption by comparing a defined HFD either with a natural-ingredient chow diet or with a defined low-fat diet (LFD), despite the dramatic differences between these control diets. We hypothesized that these differences in the control diet could modify the conclusions(More)
There is a growing interest in the optimization of dietary emulsions for monitoring postprandial lipid metabolism in the frame of preventing metabolic diseases. Using various emulsions, we investigated in a systematic scheme the combination of (i) in vitro gastrointestinal lipolysis and (ii) absorption and metabolism of lipolysis media in Caco-2 cells. Four(More)