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Tumor angiogenesis is mediated by tumor-secreted angiogenic growth factors that interact with their surface receptors expressed on endothelial cells. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptor [fetal liver kinase 1 (Flk-1)/kinase insert domain-containing receptor] play an important role in vascular permeability and tumor angiogenesis.(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a protein tyrosine kinase expressed on many types of tumor cells, including breast, ovarian, bladder, head and neck, and prostatic carcinoma. There seems to be an association between up-regulation of the EGFR and poor clinical prognosis for a number of human cancers. The 225 antibody is a highly specific murine(More)
The insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) is overexpressed in many diverse tumor types and is a critical signaling molecule for tumor cell proliferation and survival. Therapeutic strategies targeting the IGF-IR may therefore be effective broad-spectrum anticancer agents. Through screening of a Fab phage display library, we have generated a fully(More)
BACKGROUND Pancreatic carcinoma is associated with a poor prognosis, and treatment options for patients with this disease are limited. The epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor and its ligands are overexpressed in human pancreatic carcinoma and may contribute to the pathophysiology of these tumors. METHODS The anti-EGF receptor monoclonal antibody(More)
PURPOSE To establish whether cetuximab, a chimeric IgG1 antibody targeting epidermal growth factor receptor, has the potential to restore responsiveness to oxaliplatin in preclinical cancer models, as has been shown with irinotecan in irinotecan refractory metastatic colorectal cancer patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The effects of cetuximab and oxaliplatin,(More)
For prostate cancer, a correlation exists between overexpression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and poor clinical prognosis. In addition, late-stage metastatic disease is characterized by a change from a paracrine to an autocrine mode of expression for TGF-alpha, the ligand for the EGFR. These observations suggest that activation of the EGFR(More)
The epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor and its ligand transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) are overexpressed in human renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The chimeric anti-EGF receptor monoclonal antibody C225 was used to determine the effects of blocking the EGF receptor on RCC growth both in vitro and in vivo. A panel of RCC cell lines all tested(More)
Colon carcinomas frequently express the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and this expression correlates with more aggressive disease and poor prognosis. Previous studies have shown that EGFR blockade by monoclonal antibody IMC-C225 can inhibit the growth of human colon carcinoma tumor cells in vitro and xenografts of these tumors in athymic mice. In(More)
Both the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and the insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGFR) have been implicated in the tumorigenesis of a variety of cancers. Here we propose that simultaneous targeting of both receptors with a bispecific antibody would lead to enhanced antitumor activity. To this end, we produced a recombinant human IgG-like(More)
PURPOSE Transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) is a pleiotropic cytokine that affects tumor growth, metastasis, stroma, and immune response. We investigated the therapeutic efficacy of anti-TGFbeta receptor II (TGFbeta RII) antibody in controlling metastasis and tumor growth as well as enhancing antitumor immunity in preclinical tumor models. (More)