Marie Brůčková

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The SPREAD Programme investigated prospectively the time trend from September 2002 through December 2005 of transmitted drug resistance (TDR) among 2793 patients in 20 European countries and in Israel with newly diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. The overall prevalence of TDR was 8.4% (225 of 2687 patients; 95% confidence(More)
The effect of drug resistance transmission on disease progression in the newly infected patient is not well understood. Major drug resistance mutations severely impair viral fitness in a drug free environment, and therefore are expected to revert quickly. Compensatory mutations, often already polymorphic in wild-type viruses, do not tend to revert after(More)
Since the first HIV case was diagnosed in the Czech Republic in 1985, there is a lack of information regarding the epidemiology of HIV infection in most high-risk groups. To determine the prevalence of, and risk factors for, HIV among female and male commercial sex workers (FCSW and MCSW, respectively) and injecting drug users (IDUs), cross-sectional(More)
In the course of two years (1974-76) four outbreaks of acute respiratory disease in the premature children's ward of a Prague hospital were studied virologically and clinically. RS virus (RSV) was found to be the aetiological agent. The highest isolation rate of RSV was achieved when using two heteroploid cell lines (L-132 and HEp-2 cells) simultaneously.(More)
The authors evaluated in a group of 217 HIV positive patients the mutual relationship of the number of CD4+T lymphocytes and the level of the viral load of HIV RNA. Using correlation analysis evidence was provided of a not very marked negative correlation of the two indicators. As it was assumed that the relationship of the two parameters is influenced by(More)
Postmortem serum and vitreous humor specimens obtained from 31 autopsied human bodies were assayed for specific antibody responses to adenoviruses, RS virus and Mycoplasma pneumoniae using the complement-fixation (CF) test and the ELISA procedure (in 23 of the bodies examined). The antibody responses as measured by the CF test were negative in all vitreous(More)
Nasal and pharyngeal swabs from 134 children with acute respiratory diseases were examined for the presence of respiratory syncytial (RS) virus and adenovirus antigens by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The results were compared with those obtained by virus isolation and serology. Altogether, 56 RS virus-positive (prospective study), 51(More)