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Hepcidin (HEPC) plays a key role in iron homeostasis and an abnormally low level of hepcidin mRNA has been reported in HFE-1 genetic hemochromatosis. Considering the well-known phenotypic variability of this disease, especially between men and women, it is important to define factors susceptible to modulate hepatic hepcidin expression and, consequently, to(More)
Hepcidin, a key regulator of iron metabolism, is synthesized by the liver. Hepcidin binds to the iron exporter ferroportin to regulate the release of iron into plasma from macrophages, hepatocytes, and enterocytes. We analyzed liver samples from patients undergoing hepatic surgery for cancer or receiving liver transplants and analyzed correlations between(More)
Hepcidin and hemojuvelin (HJV) are two critical regulators of iron metabolism as indicated by the development of major iron overload associated to mutations in hepcidin and HJV genes. Hepcidin and HJV are highly expressed in liver and muscles, respectively. Intensive muscular exercise has been reported to modify serum iron parameters and to increase(More)
Iron overload diseases of genetic origin are an ever changing world, due to major advances in genetics and molecular biology. Five major categories are now established: HFE-related or type1 hemochromatosis, frequently found in Caucasians, and four rarer diseases which are type 2 (A and B) hemochromatosis (juvenile hemochromatosis), type 3 hemochromatosis(More)
Hepcidin, which has been recently identified both by biochemical and genomic approaches, is a 25 amino acid polypeptide synthesized mainly by hepatocytes and secreted into the plasma. Besides its potential activity in antimicrobial defense, hepcidin plays a major role in iron metabolism. It controls two key steps of iron bioavailability, likely through a(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Patients exhibiting hepatic iron overload frequently develop hepatocellular carcinoma. An impaired expression of hepatic genes could be involved in this phenomenon. Our aim was to identify, during iron overload, hepatic genes involved in cell cycle which are misregulated. RESULTS Mouse iron overload was obtained by carbonyl-iron(More)
There have been major basic advances in the field of iron metabolism in recent years. These advances include the discoveries of the HFE-1 gene, a series of transmembrane iron transporters or cotransporters (eg, divalent metal transporter-1, duodenal cytochrome b, ferroportin-1, hephaestin, and transferrin receptor-2), and two key regulatory proteins named(More)
High liver iron content is a risk factor for developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, HCC cells are always iron-poor. Therefore, an association between hepatocyte iron storage capacity and differentiation is suggested. To characterize biological processes involved in iron loading capacity, we used a cDNA microarray to study the differentiation of(More)
Thalassemia associates anemia and iron overload, two opposite stimuli regulating hepcidin gene expression. We characterized hepatic hepcidin expression in 10 thalassemia major and 13 thalassemia intermedia patients. Hepcidin mRNA levels were decreased in the thalassemia intermedia group which presented both lower hemoglobin and higher plasma soluble(More)
and drugs that could be administered to cancer patients for the treatment of concomitant diseases. In fact, it has been shown that EGCG, by inhibiting both CYP3A4 and P-glicoprotein activities, increased the bioavailability of the calcium channel blockers verapamil and diltiazem,8,9 thus raising the risk for patients to undergo atrioventricular block. The(More)