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Hepcidin (HEPC) plays a key role in iron homeostasis and an abnormally low level of hepcidin mRNA has been reported in HFE-1 genetic hemochromatosis. Considering the well-known phenotypic variability of this disease, especially between men and women, it is important to define factors susceptible to modulate hepatic hepcidin expression and, consequently, to(More)
Iron overload diseases of genetic origin are an ever changing world, due to major advances in genetics and molecular biology. Five major categories are now established: HFE-related or type1 hemochromatosis, frequently found in Caucasians, and four rarer diseases which are type 2 (A and B) hemochromatosis (juvenile hemochromatosis), type 3 hemochromatosis(More)
Hepcidin and hemojuvelin (HJV) are two critical regulators of iron metabolism as indicated by the development of major iron overload associated to mutations in hepcidin and HJV genes. Hepcidin and HJV are highly expressed in liver and muscles, respectively. Intensive muscular exercise has been reported to modify serum iron parameters and to increase(More)
Hepcidin, a key regulator of iron metabolism, is synthesized by the liver. Hepcidin binds to the iron exporter ferroportin to regulate the release of iron into plasma from macrophages, hepatocytes, and enterocytes. We analyzed liver samples from patients undergoing hepatic surgery for cancer or receiving liver transplants and analyzed correlations between(More)
Thalassemia associates anemia and iron overload, two opposite stimuli regulating hepcidin gene expression. We characterized hepatic hepcidin expression in 10 thalassemia major and 13 thalassemia intermedia patients. Hepcidin mRNA levels were decreased in the thalassemia intermedia group which presented both lower hemoglobin and higher plasma soluble(More)
Genetic iron overload has long been confined to the picture of classical hemochromatosis related to the HFE C282Y mutation (type 1 hemochromatosis). C282Y homozygosity affects approximately three people out of 1000 of the Caucasian population, representing one of the most frequent genetic predispositions. It has, however, rapidly become clear that the HFE(More)
High liver iron content is a risk factor for developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, HCC cells are always iron-poor. Therefore, an association between hepatocyte iron storage capacity and differentiation is suggested. To characterize biological processes involved in iron loading capacity, we used a cDNA microarray to study the differentiation of(More)
Hepcidin, which has been recently identified both by biochemical and genomic approaches, is a 25 amino acid polypeptide synthesized mainly by hepatocytes and secreted into the plasma. Besides its potential activity in antimicrobial defense, hepcidin plays a major role in iron metabolism. It controls two key steps of iron bioavailability, likely through a(More)
Two oral chelators, CP20 (deferiprone) and ICL670 (deferasirox), have been synthesized for the purpose of treating iron overload diseases, especially thalassemias. Given their antiproliferative effects resulting from the essential role played by iron in cell processes, such compounds might also be useful as anticancer agents. In the present study, we tested(More)