Marie Arsenault

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OBJECTIVES We studied a known rabbit model of atherosclerosis to assess the effect of a hypercholesterolemic diet on aortic valve morphology and function. We also evaluated the effects of the combination of this diet with vitamin D supplements on the development of the disease and the occurrence of valve calcification. BACKGROUND Aortic valve stenosis(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY Aortic valve sclerosis is fairly common and is currently seen as a marker of systemic atherosclerosis. For unclear reasons only a minority of those sclerotic valves will evolve to become stenotic suggesting that atherogenic factors alone are insufficient to explain the development of valve stenosis. We had reported in a model(More)
Premenopausal women may be most vulnerable to acute coronary syndromes at a point in their menstrual cycle when their plasma estrogen levels are the lowest during and immediately after menstruation. Metoprolol is a first-line drug in the management of patients with acute coronary syndrome; however, when metoprolol was marketed in 1982, women were largely(More)
We investigated cardiac hypertrophy elicited by rosiglitazone treatment at the level of protein synthesis/degradation, mTOR, MAPK and AMPK signalling pathways, cardiac function and aspects of carbohydrate/lipid metabolism. Hearts of rats treated or not with rosiglitazone (15 mg/kg day) for 21 days were evaluated for gene expression, protein synthesis,(More)
BACKGROUND Past studies have suggested that the adrenergic system becomes abnormally activated in chronic volume overload, such as in severe aortic valve regurgitation (AR). However, the effectiveness of agents directed against this adrenergic activation has never been adequately tested in chronic AR. We therefore tested the effects of metoprolol treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Aortic regurgitation (AR) is a chronic disease for which there is currently no approved medical treatment. We previously reported in an animal model that β-blockade with metoprolol exerted beneficial effects on left ventricular remodeling and survival. Despite the recent publication of promising human data, β-blockade in chronic AR remains(More)
Aortic valve regurgitation (AR) imposes a severe volume overload to the left ventricle (LV), which results in dilation, eccentric hypertrophy, and eventually loss of function. Little is known about the impact of AR on LV gene expression. We, therefore, conducted a gene expression profiling study in the LV of rats with acute and severe AR. We identified 64(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension (HT) and aortic valve regurgitation (AR) often coexist but the specific impacts of AR + HT on the left ventricle (LV) are still unknown. The best treatment strategy for this combination of diseases is also unclear. The objectives of this study were 1) to evaluate LV function, remodeling and 2) to assess the effects of the(More)
A hospitalization is a time when perceived vulnerability to dangers from smoking and quitting motivation may be at their peak. Aim was to determine whether a smoking cessation intervention of moderate intensity would increase the smoking cessation rate in hospitalized smokers. Design was randomized trial, conducted in a university-affiliated(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY Aortic regurgitation (AR) is a disease for which there is currently no effective medical treatment. It has been shown previously in an experimental model of AR that the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a major role, and that medications blocking the RAAS are effective to protect against left ventricular (LV)(More)