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A thermophilic, anaerobic, chemo-organotrophic bacterium, designated MV1087T, was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal chimney sample collected from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The cells were straight, motile and stained gram-negative. Growth was observed from 45 to 65 degrees C, with an optimum around 65 degrees C. No growth was observed at 40 or 70 degrees(More)
A thermophilic, anaerobic, chemo-organotrophic sulfur-reducing bacterium, designated MV1075T, was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal chimney sample collected on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Cells were rod-shaped with a sheath-like outer structure, motile with polar flagella and stained Gram-negative. They appeared singly, in pairs or in short chains. The(More)
As part of an ongoing examination of microbial diversity associated with hydrothermal vent polychaetes of the family Alvinellidae, we undertook a culture-independent molecular analysis of the bacterial assemblage associated with mucous secretions of the Northeastern Pacific vent polychaete Paralvinella palmiformis. Using a molecular 16S rDNA-based(More)
The objectives of this study were 1) to study the genetic diversity of the Alexandrium, Dinophysis and Karenia genera along the French coasts in order to design probes targeting specific DNA regions, and 2) to apply PCR-based detection to detect these three toxic dinoflagellate genera in natural samples. Genetic diversity of these toxic taxa was first(More)
A novel hydrothermal site was discovered in March 2007, on the mid-Atlantic ridge during the cruise 'Serpentine'. At a depth of 4100 m, the site 'Ashadze' is the deepest vent field known so far. Smoker samples were collected with the ROV 'Victor 6000' and processed in the laboratory for the enrichment of anaerobic heterotrophic microorganisms under(More)
The shrimp Rimicaris exoculata from hydrothermal vents on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) harbours bacterial epibionts on specialized appendages and the inner surfaces of its gill chamber. Using comparative 16S rRNA sequence analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), we examined the R. exoculata epibiosis from four vents sites along the known(More)
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) opens up exciting possibilities for improving our knowledge of environmental microbial diversity, allowing rapid and cost-effective identification of both cultivated and uncultivated microorganisms. However, library preparation, sequencing, and analysis of the results can provide inaccurate representations of the studied(More)
A novel thermophilic, anaerobic, hydrogen-oxidizing bacterium, designated strain AM1116T, was isolated from an East Pacific Rise hydrothermal vent sample. The cells were rod-shaped (1.01-5 x 0.5 microm), motile with polar flagella. They grew at temperatures between 50 and 70 degrees C (optimum 60 degrees C; doubling time approximately 1.5 h), at between pH(More)
Rimicaris exoculata dominates the megafauna of several Mid-Atlantic Ridge hydrothermal sites. Its gut is full of sulphides and iron-oxide particles and harbours microbial communities. Although a trophic symbiosis has been suggested, their role remains unclear. In vivo starvation experiments in pressurized vessels were performed on shrimps from Rainbow and(More)
A pluri-disciplinary in situ colonization experiment was performed to study early stages of colonization in deep-sea vent Alvinella spp. worm habitats. Four colonization devices were deployed onto Alvinella spp. colonies of different chimneys of the East-Pacific Rise (EPR 13 degrees N), for two different periods: a short (less than a week) and a longer one(More)