Marie-Anne Cambon-Bonavita

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A thermophilic, anaerobic, chemo-organotrophic bacterium, designated MV1087T, was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal chimney sample collected from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The cells were straight, motile and stained gram-negative. Growth was observed from 45 to 65 degrees C, with an optimum around 65 degrees C. No growth was observed at 40 or 70 degrees(More)
As part of an ongoing examination of microbial diversity associated with hydrothermal vent polychaetes of the family Alvinellidae, we undertook a culture-independent molecular analysis of the bacterial assemblage associated with mucous secretions of the Northeastern Pacific vent polychaete Paralvinella palmiformis. Using a molecular 16S rDNA-based(More)
A novel thermophilic, anaerobic, hydrogen-oxidizing bacterium, designated strain AM1116T, was isolated from an East Pacific Rise hydrothermal vent sample. The cells were rod-shaped (1.01-5 x 0.5 microm), motile with polar flagella. They grew at temperatures between 50 and 70 degrees C (optimum 60 degrees C; doubling time approximately 1.5 h), at between pH(More)
Investigations of the diversity of culturable yeasts at deep-sea hydrothermal sites have suggested possible interactions with endemic fauna. Samples were collected during various oceanographic cruises at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, South Pacific Basins and East Pacific Rise. Cultures of 32 isolates, mostly associated with animals, were collected. Phylogenetic(More)
A novel thermophilic, anaerobic, strictly chemoorganoheterotrophic bacterium, designated as AM1114T, was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent sample from the East-Pacific Rise (EPR 13 degrees N). The cells were long (3-10 microm) rods, motile with peritrichous flagella, and exhibited a gram-negative cell wall ultrastructure. In the late stationary(More)
18 Aim: Deep-sea hydrothermal vents are unstable habitats that are both spatially and temporally 1 fragmented. In vent species, a " short-term insurance " hypothesis would lead us to expect mostly self 2 recruitment, limiting the loss of larvae in the deep ocean or water column and increasing genetic 3 differentiation over the time elapsed since(More)
Rapid growth of microbial sulphur mats have repeatedly been observed during oceanographic cruises to various deep-sea hydrothermal vent sites. The microorganisms involved in the mat formation have not been phylogenetically characterized, although the production of morphologically similar sulphur filaments by a Arcobacter strain coastal marine has been(More)
The polychaete Alvinella pompejana lives in organic tubes on the walls of active hydrothermal chimneys along the East Pacific Rise. To examine the diversity of the archaeal community associated with the polychaete tubes, we constructed libraries by direct PCR amplification and cloning of 16S rRNA genes. Almost half of the sequences of the 16S rRNA gene(More)
A novel thermophilic, chemolithoautotrophic bacterium, designated as NE1206(T), was isolated from a Juan de Fuca Ridge hydrothermal vent sample (tubes of the annelid polychaete Paralvinella sulfincola attached to small pieces of hydrothermal chimney). The cells were rod-shaped (1.2-3.5 x 0.4-0.7 microm), occurring as single motile rods or forming(More)
Abstract The phylogenetic diversity of the gut microbial population of the hydrothermal shrimp Rimicaris exoculata was determined. The presence of micro-organisms in the hindgut of the shrimp was determined, and their morphology illustrated for the first time by transmission electron microscopy. DNA was extracted from the fore-, mid- and hindgut of shrimps(More)