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BACKGROUND Long-term pain is an important outcome after inguinal hernia repair. The aim of this study was to test the validity and reliability of a specific Inguinal Pain Questionnaire (IPQ). METHODS The study recruited patients aged between 15 and 85 years who had undergone primary inguinal or femoral hernia repair. To test the validity of the(More)
Acyclovir treatment was used in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial with parallel groups to test the hypothesis that herpes virus infections are involved in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). Sixty patients with the relapsing-remitting form of MS were randomized to either oral treatment with 800 mg acyclovir or placebo(More)
PURPOSE An obstructive urinary flow pattern is frequently seen after tubularized incised plate urethroplasty for hypospadias. However, the significance of this finding has not been determined and long-term results are few. We describe postoperative long-term uroflowmetry results after puberty in males who underwent tubularized incised plate urethroplasty in(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate whether urinary flow improves with time after tubularized incised plate (TIP) repair. PATIENTS AND METHOD Between 1999 and 2003, primary TIP was performed in 126 boys. In patients old enough (48 boys, mean age at surgery 46 months, range 18-103), uroflowmetry was performed 1 year and 7 (median,(More)
PURPOSE We present data on long-term functional and cosmetic results after hypospadias surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS Males older than 18 years with hypospadias treated in Sweden were asked to participate in the study, as well as age matched controls and circumcised men. All participants answered questionnaires, and a subgroup was examined during an(More)
Two cases of HIV infection associated with neurological complications are described. The patients had been followed with repeated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analyses 1-3 years before the neurological disease and 5 months after zidovudine treatment. CSF mononuclear cell count and the AIDS predictors beta 2-microglobulin and neopterin decreased in CSF after(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate sexual function and fertility in adult men born with hypospadias. Patients born with hypospadias, age-matched controls, and a group of circumcised men completed a questionnaire constructed to reflect their psychosexual situation and fertility. Core gender identity, sexual orientation, and gender role behavior was(More)
The effect of zidovudine on beta 2-microglobulin and neopterin in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was studied in ten HIV-seropositive neurologically healthy individuals. CSF concentrations of neopterin decreased by 53% (from 20.3 to 9.5 nmol/l, p < 0.01) and beta 2-microglobulin by 36% (from 2.8 to 1.8 mg/l, p < 0.01) four to eight months after initiation of(More)
INTRODUCTION Hypospadias, which is a surgically treated congenital malformation of the male urethra, may have a negative impact on quality of life. This aspect has previously been subject to limited research. This study examined the long-term psychosocial outcome of a large cohort of adult males born with hypospadias. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this(More)
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