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Neuronal PAS domain protein 2 (NPAS2) is a mammalian transcription factor that binds DNA as an obligate dimeric partner of BMAL1 and is implicated in the regulation of circadian rhythm. Here we show that both PAS domains of NPAS2 bind heme as a prosthetic group and that the heme status controls DNA binding in vitro. NPAS2-BMAL1 heterodimers, existing in(More)
The most common physiological strategy for detecting the gases oxygen, carbon monoxide, and nitric oxide is signal transduction by heme-based sensors, a broad class of modular proteins in which a heme-binding domain governs the activity of a neighboring transmitter domain. Different structures are possible for the heme-binding domains in these sensors, but,(More)
To evaluate the contributions of the G(beta)-2 arginine to signal transduction in oxygen-sensing heme-PAS domains, we replaced this residue with alanine in Bradyrhizobium japonicum FixL and examined the results on heme-domain structure, ligand binding, and kinase regulation. In the isolated R220A BjFixL heme-PAS domain, the iron-histidine bond was increased(More)
—The most common physiological strategy for detecting the gases oxygen, carbon monoxide, and nitric oxide is signal transduc-tion by heme-based sensors, a broad class of modular proteins in which a heme-binding domain governs the activity of a neighboring transmitter domain. Different structures are possible for the heme-binding domains in these sensors,(More)
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