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Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome (aHUS) are acute, rare life-threatening thrombotic microangiopathies that require rapid diagnosis and treatment. They are defined by microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia and thrombocytopenia, with renal involvement primarily in aHUS and neurological and cardiological sequelae(More)
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a life-threatening disorder and plasma exchange (PEX) remains the primary treatment modality. Twenty-five patients with acute refractory/relapsing idiopathic TTP received rituximab in conjunction with PEX because of progressive clinical disease or deterioration in laboratory parameters, despite intensive standard(More)
Thrombotic thrombocytopaenic purpura (TTP) results from deficiency of von Willebrand factor-cleaving protease (vWF-cp) activity. Eight HIV-infected patients presented with TTP, representing 12.5% of all TTP treated at this centre. In four patients presentation with TTP revealed underlying HIV infection, the other four patients were previously known to be(More)
This report presents seven children with congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Six had a history of severe neonatal unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia and thrombocytopenia. The seventh child had no neonatal problems but has suffered three episodes of acute TTP. The subsequent clinical course of the children varied. Five had a(More)
Complement dysregulation is key in the pathogenesis of atypical Haemolytic Uraemic Syndrome (aHUS), but no clear role for complement has been identified in Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP). We aimed to assess complement activation and cytokine response in acute antibody-mediated TTP. Complement C3a and C5a and cytokines (interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4,(More)
BACKGROUND Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is most commonly associated with deficiency or inhibition of von Willebrand factor-cleaving protease (ADAMTS-13) activity. ADAMTS-13 mutations and polymorphisms have been reported in childhood congenital TTP, but their significance in adult onset TTP remains unclear. OBJECTIVES We sought to identify(More)
Acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare, life-threatening condition caused by autoantibody-mediated inhibition of ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type-1 motif, 13). Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) improves survival, but disease may be refractory despite therapy. Management and treatment response of(More)
The quantification of residual plasmatic ADAMTS13 activity in congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) patients is constrained by limitations in sensitivity and reproducibility of commonly used assays at low levels of ADAMTS13 activity, blunting efforts to establish genotype-phenotype correlations. In the present study, the residual plasmatic(More)
The safety and efficacy of weekly rituximab 375 mg/m(2) (×4), given within 3 days of acute TTP admission, with standard therapy (PEX and steroids) was evaluated. Clinical outcomes were compared to historical controls (n = 40) who had not received rituximab. Within the trial group, 15 of 40 required ICU admission and 15% of all cases with the highest(More)