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Dopamine and somatostatin receptor agonists inhibit hormone secretion by normal pituitary cells and pituitary adenomas. Indeed, initially several dopaminergic drugs, and lately somatostatin analogs, have been developed for the treatment of pituitary adenomas. Recently, it has been demonstrated that subtypes of somatostatin and dopamine receptors may form(More)
BACKGROUND The control of growth and nutritional status in the foetus and neonate is a complex mechanism, in which also hormones produced by adipose tissue, such as adiponectin and leptin are involved. The aim of this study was to evaluate levels of adiponectin, leptin and insulin in appropriate (AGA) and small for gestational age (SGA) children during the(More)
All components of the IGF systems and all regulatory mechanisms known are present and active in bone tissue. Osteoblasts synthesize IGF-I and IGF-II which have mitogenic effects on bone cells. Although the relative productions of IGF-I and IGF-II by osteoblasts are different depending on different bone districts and experimental conditions, it seems now(More)
Somatostatin analogues inhibit in vitro cell proliferation via specific membrane receptors (SSTRs). Recent studies on transfected cell lines have shown a ligand-induced formation of receptor dimers. The aim of this study is 1) to evaluate the role of specific ligands in modulating receptor interactions in the androgen-dependent prostate cancer cell line,(More)
The role of dopamine agonist treatment in corticotroph pituitary tumors is controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate D(2) receptor expression in 20 corticotroph pituitary tumors and to correlate it to the in vitro effect of dopamine agonists on ACTH secretion and the in vivo effect of short-term cabergoline treatment on cortisol secretion. D(2)(More)
Herein, we show that CD8(dull), CD8(intermediate), and CD8(bright) natural killer (NK) cell clones can be identified. Triggering of CD8 with its natural ligand(s), represented by soluble HLA class I (sHLA-I), isolated either from serum of healthy donors or from HLA-I(-) 721.221 lymphoblastoid cell line transfected with HLA-A2, -Cw4, and -Bw46 alleles, or(More)
Somatostatin receptors and glutamate N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors coexist on hippocampal noradrenergic axon terminals. Activation of somatostatin receptors was previously found to positively influence the function of NMDA receptors regulating norepinephrine release. The somatostatin receptors involved were pharmacologically characterized as sst5(More)
The role of somatostatin and dopamine receptors as molecular targets for the treatment of patients with pituitary adenomas is well established. Indeed, dopamine and somatostatin receptor agonists are considered milestones for the medical therapy of these tumours. However, in recent years, the knowledge of the expression of subtypes of somatostatin and(More)
As it has been hypothesized that IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) may have a role as autocrine/paracrine factors in regulating the local actions of the insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) in the ovary, we studied the production of the IGFBPs by human granulosa cells (GC) in culture and the role of IGFBP-3 in the modulation of ovarian cell responsiveness to(More)
Reports indicate that in plasma insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) are normal in patients with Turner's syndrome (TS). The aim of our study was to evaluate both the spontaneous and the stimulated synthesis of these peptides by mesenchymal cells obtained from skin biopsies of patients affected with TS. We compared the(More)