Maribel Beaumont

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BACKGROUND Biomarkers facilitate early detection of disease and measurement of therapeutic efficacy, both at clinical and experimental levels. Recent advances in analytics and disease models allow comprehensive screening for biomarkers in complex diseases, such as asthma, that was previously not feasible. OBJECTIVE Using murine and nonhuman primate (NHP)(More)
IL-33 is an IL-1-related cytokine which has been implicated in T(h)2-associated biology and allergic diseases in humans and mice. IL-33 stimulates T(h)2 cells, mast cells, eosinophils, basophils, iNKT cells and circulating CD34(+) stem cells to proliferate and produce pro-allergic cytokines such as IL-5 and IL-13. IL-33 mediates its cytokine effects through(More)
Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias are a group of idiopathic interstitial lung diseases of which idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is the lesion of usual interstitial pneumonia. Although the pathogenic mechanisms remain incompletely understood, disease-specific changes in blood, a readily accessible biospecimen, have not been fully characterized. To(More)
The symptoms of Clostridium difficile infections are caused by two exotoxins, TcdA and TcdB, which target host colonocytes by binding to unknown cell surface receptors, at least in part via their combined repetitive oligopeptide (CROP) domains. A combination of the anti-TcdA antibody actoxumab and the anti-TcdB antibody bezlotoxumab is currently under(More)
OBJECTIVES Interleukin-23 (IL-23) has emerged as a new therapeutic target for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). As biomarkers of disease state and treatment efficacy are becoming increasingly important in drug development, we sought to identify efficacy biomarkers for anti-IL-23 therapy in Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS Candidate IL-23(More)
Monoclonal antibodies constitute a robust class of therapeutic proteins. Their stability, resistance to stress conditions and high solubility have allowed the successful development and commercialization of over 40 antibody-based drugs. Although mAbs enjoy a relatively high probability of success compared with other therapeutic proteins, examples of(More)
The ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) enzyme is a heteromer of RRM1 and RRM2 subunits. The active enzyme catalyzes de novo reduction of ribonucleotides to generate deoxyribonucleotides (dNTPs), which are required for DNA replication and DNA repair processes. Complexity in the generation of physiologically relevant, active RRM1/RRM2 heterodimers was perceived(More)
IgG4 antibodies are evolving as an important class of cancer immunotherapies. However, human IgG4 can undergo Fab arm (half molecule) exchange with other IgG4 molecules in vivo. The hinge modification by a point mutation (S228P) prevents half molecule exchange of IgG4. However, the experimental confirmation is still expected by regulatory agencies. Here, we(More)
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) enzyme is composed of the homodimeric RRM1 and RRM2 subunits, which together form a heterotetramic active enzyme that catalyzes the de novo reduction of ribonucleotides to generate deoxyribonucleotides (dNTPs), which are required for DNA replication and DNA repair processes. In this study, we show that ablation of RRM1 and(More)
As part of an effort to examine the utility of antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) beyond oncology indications, a novel pyrophosphate ester linker was discovered to enable the targeted delivery of glucocorticoids. As small molecules, these highly soluble phosphate ester drug linkers were found to have ideal orthogonal properties: robust plasma stability coupled(More)