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In order to investigate the accuracy and practicability of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the antenatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis, a collaborative study involving 15 European laboratories was performed under the auspices of the Biomed 2 Programme of the European Community. Each team received 12 aliquots (four negative, eight positive) of(More)
The disorders generated by Toxoplasma gondii infection are closely associated with the competence of the host immune system and both humoral and cell mediated immunity are involved in response to parasite invasion. To identify antigens implicated in human B-cell responses, we screened a phage-display library of T. gondii cDNA fragments with sera of infected(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the introduction of screening bases intrapartum prophylaxis, Streptococcus agalactiae is still an important etiological agent of perinatal infections. The increasing rate of resistance and the differences in resistance pattern among countries suggest that a program of surveillance at the institutional level is important in determining(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) often have dyspeptic symptoms and may develop peptic disease or digestive disorders leading to severe gastrointestinal complications. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of peptic lesions and Helicobacter pylori infection, and the severity of dyspeptic symptoms, in dyspeptic(More)
The objective of this work was to develop an antibody-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) avidity assay to discriminate between acute and latent phases of Toxoplasma gondii infection by using recombinant antigens. One hundred twenty-one serum samples from women who developed IgG antibodies against Toxoplasma during pregnancy were used. The IgG avidities of(More)
The aims of this study were to evaluate the frequency of Achromobacter xylosoxidans infection in a cohort of cystic fibrosis patients, to investigate antimicrobial sensitivity, to establish possible clonal likeness among strains, and to address the clinical impact of this infection or colonization on the general outcome of these patients. The study was(More)
The main objective of this work was to improve the early serologic diagnosis of toxoplasmosis in children at risk of congenital infection by using recombinant antigens. Serum samples from 104 infants born to mothers with primary Toxoplasma gondii infection acquired during pregnancy, of which 35 were congenitally infected and 22 had clinical silent(More)
BACKGROUND Serologic methods for diagnosis of tuberculosis have been widely investigated owing to their low cost and rapid technical execution. Sensitivity and specificity of different tests have been reported to be largely variable. STUDY OBJECTIVES To evaluate the IgA-mediated humoral immune response against the mycobacterial antigen P-90 as a tool for(More)
BACKGROUND Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and H(2) receptor antagonists (H(2)RAs) may play an important role on the onset of Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD) in adults. The impact of Clostridium difficile on children treated with gastric acid-suppressing agents remains unknown. AIM To investigate the relationship between CDAD and exposure to(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of and explore possible differences in the risk for and symptoms of Clostridium difficile infection between patients with and without inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). STUDY DESIGN Stool specimens from subjects with and without IBD were evaluated for the presence of C difficile toxins. Demographic information,(More)