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OBJECTIVE Proteinase-activated receptor-2 is widely expressed in vascular tissue and in highly vascularized organs in humans and other species. Its activation mainly causes endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in vitro and hypotension in vivo. Here, using nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice at different disease stages, we have evaluated the role of PAR2 in the(More)
OBJECTIVE Clinical studies have demonstrated that hyperglycaemia represents a major risk factor in the development of the endothelial impairment in diabetes, which is the first step in vascular dysfunction. Using non-obese diabetic mice, we have evaluated the role of the adrenergic system and eNOS on progression of the disease METHODS AND RESULTS When(More)
A growing body of evidence suggests that hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) is a signaling molecule in mammalian cells. In the cardiovascular system, H₂S enhances vasodilation and angiogenesis. H₂S-induced vasodilation is hypothesized to occur through ATP-sensitive potassium channels (K(ATP)); however, we recently demonstrated that it also increases cGMP levels in(More)
The solution structure of a new modified thrombin binding aptamer (TBA) containing a 5'-5' inversion of polarity site, namely d(3'GGT5'-5'TGGTGTGGTTGG3'), is reported. NMR and CD spectroscopy, as well as molecular dynamic and mechanic calculations, have been used to characterize the 3D structure. The modified oligonucleotide is characterized by a chair-like(More)
The sphingosine kinase (SPK)/sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) pathway recently has been associated with a variety of inflammatory-based diseases. The majority of these studies have been performed in vitro. Here, we have addressed the relevance of the SPK/S1P pathway in the acute inflammatory response in vivo by using different well known preclinical animal(More)
OBJECTIVE Carbon monoxide (CO) is a weak soluble guanylyl cyclase stimulator, leading to transient increases in cGMP and vasodilation. The aim of the present work was to measure the effect of CO-releasing molecules (CORMs) on the cGMP/nitric oxide (NO) pathway and to evaluate how selected CORMs affect NO-induced vasorelaxation. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
AIMS Therapeutic use of sulfhydrylated inhibitor S-zofenopril has raised different hypotheses regarding the role played by its thiol group in the beneficial clinical effects exerted compared with other angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. Here, we investigated hydrogen sulfide (H2S) pathway as accountable for extra-beneficial effects in vascular(More)
Functional β3-adrenoceptors have been found in skeletal muscle where they mediate metabolic oxidation and glucose utilization. Whether β3-adrenoceptors (ARs) also play any role in muscle protein metabolism still remains uncertain. By using rat L6 myocyte cultures, we found that CL316,243, a β3-AR selective agonist, at the concentration of 10−6 M for 24 h,(More)
Many antiproliferative G-quadruplexes (G4s) arise from the folding of GT-rich strands. Among these, the Thrombin Binding Aptamer (TBA), as a rare example, adopts a monomolecular well-defined G4 structure. Nevertheless, the potential anticancer properties of TBA are severely hampered by its anticoagulant action and, consequently, no related studies have(More)
The acute-phase protein haptoglobin (Hpt) binds apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) and impairs its action on lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase, an enzyme that plays a key role in reverse cholesterol transport. We have previously shown that an ApoA-I mimetic peptide, P2a, displaces Hpt from ApoA-I, restoring the enzyme activity in vitro. The aim of this study(More)