Marianthe Grammas

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OBJECTIVE Adequate treatment of patients' pain is a top priority for the World Health Organization (WHO), American Medical Association (AMA), and American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP), but "adequate" is not clearly defined. Most previous studies of emergency department (ED) pain treatments have centered on musculoskeletal pain in terms of rates of(More)
INTRODUCTION Healthy People 2010 seeks to eliminate racial and ethnic disparities in health care; however, disparities due to age and race have been described in emergency department pain treatment. Although pain is a common patient complaint in emergency departments, many people receive no analgesia. This study examined the influence of patient and(More)
OBJECTIVE The 75% of older adults with multiple chronic conditions are at risk of therapeutic competition (i.e. treatment for one condition may adversely affect a coexisting condition). The objective was to determine the prevalence of potential therapeutic competition in community-living older adults. METHODS Cross-sectional descriptive study of a(More)
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