Mariano Julián Rodriguez

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BACKGROUND The choice of the correct concentration of potential uremic toxins for in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo experiments remains a major area of concern; errors at this level might result in incorrect decisions regarding therpeutic correction of uremia and related clinical complications. METHODS An encyclopedic list of uremic retention solutes was(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the impact of and relationship between exposure to Hurricane Andrew, a severe stressor, posttraumatic stress symptoms and immune measures. METHODS Blood draws and questionnaires were taken from community volunteer subjects living in the damaged neighborhoods between 1 and 4 months after the Hurricane. RESULTS The sample exhibited(More)
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a challenge frequently encountered in the management of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Downregulation of the parathyroid vitamin D and calcium-sensing receptors represent critical steps that lead to abnormalities in mineral metabolism: high phosphate, low calcium, and vitamin D deficiency. These(More)
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 23 inhibits calcitriol production, which could exacerbate calcium deficiency or hypocalcemia unless calcium itself modulates FGF23 in this setting. In Wistar rats with normal renal function fed a diet low in both calcium and vitamin D, the resulting hypocalcemia was associated with low FGF23 despite high parathyroid hormone(More)
An updated review of the existing knowledge regarding uremic toxins facilitates the design of experimental studies. We performed a literature search and found 621 articles about uremic toxicity published after a 2003 review of this topic. Eighty-seven records provided serum or blood measurements of one or more solutes in patients with CKD. These records(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) modulates mineral metabolism by promoting phosphaturia and decreasing the production of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3). FGF23 decreases parathyroid hormone (PTH) mRNA and secretion, but despite a marked elevation in FGF23 in uremia, PTH production increases. Here, we investigated the effect of FGF23 on parathyroid function in(More)
BACKGROUND Severe hyperphosphatemia (serum phosphate level > 6.5 mg/dL [>2.10 mmol/L]) has been associated directly with increased overall and cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Currently, clinical guidelines recommend maintaining phosphate levels within normal range (3.0 to 5.0 mg/dL [0.97 to 1.61 mmol/L]). However, mild(More)
Calcimimetics decrease parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in uremic patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism without increasing serum calcium (Ca). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of calcimimetic R-568 alone or in combination with calcitriol on vascular and other soft tissue calcifications in uremic rats with secondary hyperparathyroidism.(More)
The kidney has a vital role in magnesium homeostasis and, although the renal handling of magnesium is highly adaptable, this ability deteriorates when renal function declines significantly. In moderate chronic kidney disease (CKD), increases in the fractional excretion of magnesium largely compensate for the loss of glomerular filtration rate to maintain(More)
Serum calcium levels are regulated by the action of parathyroid hormone (PTH). Major drivers of PTH hypersecretion and parathyroid cell proliferation are the hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia that develop in chronic kidney disease patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) as a result of low calcitriol levels and decreased kidney function.(More)