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30 patients on hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis have been investigated by computerized tomographic (CT) scan. To evaluate possible cerebral alterations induced by dialysis, CT examinations were carried out before, immediately after and 6 h after the end of dialysis with an Evaluskop, which provides an objective precise evaluation of even slight(More)
Serum prolactin (PRL) levels are elevated in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) but the mechanisms responsible for these abnormalities are not fully understood. PRL secretion is undoubtedly influenced by many substances, which can be variously altered in uremia: monoamines, endogenous opiates and PTH. Our data suggest that in early renal failure PRL(More)
Symptomatic intradialytic hypotension is a common complication of hemodialysis (HD). The application of convective therapies to the outpatient setting may improve outcomes, including intradialytic hypotension. In this multicenter, open-label, randomized controlled study, we randomly assigned 146 long-term dialysis patients to HD (n = 70), online predilution(More)
BACKGROUND Over the past 15 years, lactate has been used successfully as a buffer in peritoneal dialysis solutions, although its effectiveness in the correction of uremic acidosis and its biocompatibility on peritoneal resident cells have been questioned. In addition, some investigators have suggested other potential adverse metabolic effects resulting from(More)
The treatment of acute renal failure (ARF) in the newborn with hemo- or peritoneal dialysis is technically difficult and may even be contraindicated. As in the adult, continuous arterio-venous hemofiltration (CAVH) may be an alternative therapy. We used CAVH in the treatment of four newborns with ARF of different etiology. Two brachial, one femoral and one(More)