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This study aimed to elucidate the observed variable phenotypic expressivity associated with NRXN1 (Neurexin 1) haploinsufficiency by analyses of the largest cohort of patients with NRXN1 exonic deletions described to date and by comprehensively reviewing all comparable copy number variants in all disease cohorts that have been published in the peer reviewed(More)
We report on a novel Xq11.11 microdeletion in a patient presenting with severe mental retardation (MR), focal epilepsy, tall stature, macrocephaly, and dysmorphism. This 1.3 Mb deletion, identified using array CGH, includes a single gene with known function-ARHGEF9-plus 1 gene with unknown function and three putative genes. ARHGEF9 encodes collybistin (Cb)(More)
We report four infants (two males, two females) with ring 14 chromosome presenting with early-onset partial epilepsy. The first seizure occurred between 3 and 6 months (3, 3, 4, and 6mo respectively). In all four cases, diagnosis was based on early focal seizures, rather than on psychomotor retardation or morphological features, which were not prominent at(More)
BACKGROUND Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a pleiotropic recessive disorder that belongs to the rapidly growing family of ciliopathies. It shares phenotypic traits with other ciliopathies, such as Alström syndrome (ALMS), nephronophthisis (NPHP) or Joubert syndrome. BBS mutations have been detected in 16 different genes (BBS1-BBS16) without clear(More)
We report the case of a 33-year-old pregnant woman. The third-trimester ultrasound scan during pregnancy revealed fetal bilateral ventricular dilatation, macrosomia and a transverse diameter of the cerebellum at the 30th centile. A brain MRI scan at 31 weeks of gestation led to a diagnosis of hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis without hemisphere(More)
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