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Trichothiodystrophy (TTD) patients with a mutation in the XPD gene of nucleotide excision repair (NER) have a short life span and show various features of premature aging, thereby linking DNA damage to the aging process. Xpd(TTD) mutant mice share many features with TTD patients, including a shorter life span, accompanied by a segmental progeroid phenotype.(More)
The zebrafish embryo (ZFE) is a promising non-rodent model in toxicology, and initial studies suggested its applicability in detecting hepatotoxic responses. Here, we hypothesize that the detailed analysis of underlying mechanisms of hepatotoxicity in ZFE contributes to the improved identification of hepatotoxic properties of new compounds and to the(More)
Genome maintenance is considered a prime longevity assurance mechanism as apparent from many progeroid human syndromes that are caused by genome maintenance defects. The ERCC1 protein is involved in three genome maintenance systems: nucleotide excision repair, interstrand cross-link repair, and homologous recombination. Here we describe in-life and(More)
In vitro models for hepatotoxicity testing are a necessity for advancement of toxicological research. Assessing the in vitro response requires in vivo validated gene sets reflective of the hepatotoxic phenotype. Cholestasis, the impairment of bile flow, is induced in C57BL/6J mice treated with cyclosporine A (CsA) to identify phenotype reflective gene sets.(More)
The whole zebrafish embryo model (ZFE) has proven its applicability in developmental toxicity testing. Since functional hepatocytes are already present from 36 h post fertilization onwards, whole ZFE have been proposed as an attractive alternative to mammalian in vivo models in hepatotoxicity testing. The goal of the present study is to further underpin the(More)
There is considerable concern about an enhanced risk of lung tumor development upon exposure of humans to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), like benzo[a] pyrene (B[a]P), in combination with induced lung cell proliferation by toxic agents like ozone. We studied this issue in wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 mice, the cancer prone nucleotide excision(More)
The accumulation of DNA damage is a slow but hazardous phenomenon that may lead to cell death, accelerated aging, and cancer. One of the most versatile defense mechanisms against the accumulation of DNA damage is nucleotide excision repair, in which, among others, the Xeroderma pigmentosum group C (XPC) and group A (XPA) proteins are involved. To elucidate(More)
PURPOSE Transgenic mouse models for cancer circumvent many challenges that hamper human studies aimed at biomarker discovery. Lower biological variances among mice combined with controllable factors such as food uptake and health status may enable the detection of more subtle protein expression differences. This is envisioned to result in the identification(More)
Liver injury is the leading cause of drug-induced toxicity. For the evaluation of a chemical compound to induce toxicity, in this case steatosis or fatty liver, it is imperative to identify markers reflective of mechanisms and processes induced upon exposure, as these will be the earliest changes reflective of disease. Therefore, an in vivo mouse(More)
Aging-related kidney diseases are a major health concern. Currently, models to study renal aging are lacking. Due to a reduced life-span progeroid models hold the promise to facilitate aging studies and allow examination of tissue-specific changes. Defects in genome maintenance in the Ercc1 -/Δ progeroid mouse model result in premature aging and typical(More)