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AIM/HYPOTHESIS E-selectin is thought to play a key role in the early stages of vascular disease by facilitating the attachment of leukocytes to the endothelium. Recently, a polymorphism in the E-selectin gene (S128R) has been associated with higher E-selectin levels in patients with diabetes mellitus and with premature coronary artery disease. The impact of(More)
BACKGROUND The heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) isoenzyme has recently been suggested to protect transplants from ischemia-reperfusion and immunologic injury. Inducibility of this enzyme is modulated by a (GT)n dinucleotide length polymorphism in the HO-1 gene promoter. Short (class S) repeats are associated with greater up-regulation of HO-1 than are long repeats.(More)
Heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) is involved in the generation of the endogenous anti-oxidant bilirubin which exerts beneficial effects against arteriosclerosis. A (GT) repeat polymorphism in the HO-1 promoter region modulates HO-1 expression in response to oxidative stress. Recently, this polymorphism has been reported to protect from coronary artery disease in(More)
BACKGROUND The heme oxygenase (HO) isoenzyme HO-1 has recently been suggested to protect transplants from ischemia/reperfusion and immunologic injury. Inducibility of this enzyme is modulated by a (GT)n dinucleotide length polymorphism in the HO-1 gene promoter. Short (class S) repeats are associated with greater up-regulation of HO-1 than are long repeats.(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether there is an association between a functional polymorphism in the interleukin (IL)-6 gene promoter (-174)G/C and restenosis after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of the femoropopliteal artery. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 281 patients underwent PTA of the femoropopliteal artery during the study period; 23 (8%)(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is one of the most frequent forms of muscular disorders. It is caused by the absence of dystrophin, a core component of the sarcolemma-associated junctional complex that links the cytoskeleton to the extracellular matrix. We showed previously that plectin 1f (P1f), one of the major muscle-expressed isoforms of the(More)
BPAG1-b is the major muscle-specific isoform encoded by the dystonin gene, which expresses various protein isoforms belonging to the plakin protein family with complex, tissue-specific expression profiles. Recent observations in mice with either engineered or spontaneous mutations in the dystonin gene indicate that BPAG1-b serves as a cytolinker important(More)
Mutations in the cytolinker protein plectin lead to grossly distorted morphology of neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) in patients suffering from epidermolysis bullosa simplex (EBS)-muscular dystrophy (MS) with myasthenic syndrome (MyS). Here we investigated whether plectin contributes to the structural integrity of NMJs by linking them to the postsynaptic(More)
BACKGROUND The formation of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is caused by a destructive remodeling of the extracellular matrix in the vascular wall. Proteoglycan content and biosynthesis have been shown to be altered in AAA. Xylosyltransferase I (XT-I) is the initial and rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of the proteoglycan-linked glycosaminoglycan(More)
BACKGROUND The Tibetan herbal preparation Padma 28 has been shown to act as an anti-atherosclerotic agent in advanced peripheral arterial occlusive disease. We tested the effect of aqueous Padma 28 extracts on both the Creactive protein (CRP) induced expression of the pro-inflammatory cell adhesion molecule E-selectin and the anti-atherosclerotic protective(More)