Marianne J Moran

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Although an abnormality of smooth pursuit eye movement has been consistently noted in schizophrenia, the underlying ocular motor pathophysiology is unknown. It is unclear whether the abnormality represents deficits in processing of information provided by the moving target, generation of pursuit eye movements, or other ocular motor and related cognitive(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the current study was to test the specificity of an association between eye tracking abnormality and schizophrenia spectrum personality symptoms in the family members of schizophrenic patients. The studies of biological markers for genetic vulnerability to schizophrenia, which test an association between a biological measure and(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies of covert visuospatial attention in schizophrenia suggest a subtle form of right hemispatial neglect in acutely ill patients but not in chronic, stable patients. Because of previous work documenting various visual information-processing abnormalities in deficit schizophrenia, the authors investigated whether the deficit/nondeficit(More)
The authors evaluated the extent of overlap between DSM-III-R schizophrenia spectrum personality diagnoses (SSPD) and the Psychosis Proneness Scales of Chapman and his associates. The subjects were recruited from the family members of schizophrenic patients ("familial" subjects; n = 45) and members of the community with negative family histories for(More)
Smooth-pursuit eye-movement (SPEM) abnormalities have been consistently observed in schizophrenia. The SPEM changes in schizophrenia are not thought to be an artifact of voluntary attention or medication, although a number of nondisease factors are known to affect SPEM. However, cigarette smoking has recently been reported to deteriorate SPEM in both(More)
OBJECTIVE The study of spontaneous dyskinesia in schizophrenia is confounded by the widespread use of neuroleptics. The authors hypothesized that spontaneous dyskinesia would be present in subjects with schizophrenia spectrum personality (schizoid, paranoid, or schizotypal). They also tested the hypothesis that dyskinetic-like movements would increase after(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors' goal was to test the hypothesis that abnormal smooth pursuit eye movements in schizophrenic patients are associated with the deficit syndrome. METHOD The eye movements of 24 normal comparison subjects, 32 patients with nondeficit schizophrenia, and 11 patients with deficit schizophrenia were tested with infrared oculography using(More)
Saccadic distractibility, Stroop color-word scores, and serial dyskinesia assessments were obtained on 10 schizophrenic patients with tardive dyskinesia during a pharmacologic challenge with placebo or 7 mg muscimol, a potent, direct-acting GABA agonist. Although no significant difference in the measures was evident between conditions, a significant(More)
A recent study observed lateralized deficit in the disengagement of covert visual attention in schizophrenic patients. Subsequent attempts to replicate this finding have had mixed results. Differences in the neuroleptic treatment or other secondary factors associated with schizophrenia are some of the possible reasons for these inconsistent findings. In(More)
Clozapine has long been considered a useful treatment in patients who have schizophrenia with the neuroleptic-induced delayed-onset side effect tardive dyskinesia. We present data in support of the clinical impression using both an animal model of the disorder and dyskinetic patients themselves. Clozapine produces a lower rate of oral dyskinesia in(More)