Learn More
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) due to atherosclerosis of the arterial vessel wall and to thrombosis is the foremost cause of premature mortality and of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in Europe, and is also increasingly common in developing countries.1 In the European Union, the economic cost of CVD represents annually E192 billion1 in direct and(More)
Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) promotes the transfer of cholesteryl esters from antiatherogenic HDLs to proatherogenic apolipoprotein B (apoB)-containing lipoproteins, including VLDLs, VLDL remnants, IDLs, and LDLs. A deficiency of CETP is associated with increased HDL levels and decreased LDL levels, a profile that is typically antiatherogenic.(More)
Familial hypercholesterolaemia is underdiagnosed and undertreated in the general population: guidance for clinicians to prevent coronary heart disease Aims The first aim was to critically evaluate the extent to which familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is underdiagnosed and undertreated. The second aim was to provide guidance for screening and treatment of(More)
A density gradient ultracentrifugal procedure is described for the rapid and reproducible isolation of the major lipoprotein classes, VLDL, LDL, HDL2, and HDL3, from human serum. A step gradient is constructed from four NaCl/KBr solutions varying in density from 1.006 to 1.24 g/ml and from 3 ml of serum adjusted to d 1.21 g/ml. Separation is achieved after(More)
BACKGROUND A growing body of evidence from epidemiological data, animal studies, and clinical trials supports HDL as the next target to reduce residual cardiovascular risk in statin-treated, high-risk patients. For more than 3 decades, HDL cholesterol has been employed as the principal clinical measure of HDL and cardiovascular risk associated with low(More)
Lateral ventricular enlargement is the most consistently replicated brain abnormality found in schizophrenia. This article reports a first episode, longitudinal study of ventricular volume using high-resolution serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and recently developed techniques for image registration and quantitation. Baseline and follow-up (on(More)
High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) mediate cholesterol transport and protection from cardiovascular disease. Although synthetic HDLs have been studied for 30 years, the structures of human plasma-derived HDL and its major protein apolipoprotein apoA-I are unknown. We separated normal human HDL into five density subfractions and then further isolated those(More)
Subnormal plasma levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) constitute a major cardiovascular risk factor; raising low HDL-C levels may therefore reduce the residual cardiovascular risk that frequently presents in dyslipidaemic subjects despite statin therapy. Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP), a key modulator not only of the(More)
The molecular basis of the heterogeneity of plasma low density lipoproteins (LDL, d 1.024-1.050 g/ml) was evaluated in 40 normolipidemic male subjects following fractionation by isopycnic density gradient ultracentrifugation into eight major subspecies. The mass profile of our subjects' LDL uniformly displayed single symmetric or asymmetric peaks as a(More)
AIMS Homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia (HoFH) is a rare life-threatening condition characterized by markedly elevated circulating levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and accelerated, premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ACVD). Given recent insights into the heterogeneity of genetic defects and clinical phenotype of(More)