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Journals and Conferences
We are grateful to Vernon Henderson for the use of his data base and for his suggestions; to Bill Easterly and the participants of the macro brownbag lunch seminar at the World Bank for their comments; and to Christine Kessides for her support and interest. All remaining errors are ours.
This paper reviews the recent economic research on emerging issues for infrastructure policies affecting poor people in developing countries. Its main purpose is to identify some of the challenges the international community, and donors in particular, are likely to have to address over the next few years. The paper addresses 6 main issues: (i) the necessity… (More)
This paper provides an empirical analysis of the determinants of three child health outcomes related to the Millennium Development Goals: the infant mortality rate, the child mortality rate, and the prevalence of malnutrition. Using data from Demographic and Health Surveys, the paper goes beyond traditional cross-country regressions by exploiting the… (More)
The Policy Research Working Paper Series disseminates the findings of work in progress to encourage the exchange of ideas about development issues. An objective of the series is to get the findings out quickly, even if the presentations are less than fully polished. The papers carry the names of the authors and should be cited accordingly. The findings,… (More)
In the last decade, most countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have not spent enough on infrastructure. Total investment has fallen as a percentage of GDP, as public infrastructure expenditure has borne the brunt of fiscal adjustment, and private investment has failed to take up the slack. Most infrastructure services have therefore lagged behind… (More)
What are the prospects for economic development in lagging sub-national regions? What are the roles of public infrastructure investments and fiscal incentives in influencing the location and performance of industrial activity? To examine these questions, we estimate a spatial profit function for industrial activity in Brazil that explicitly incorporates… (More)
There are large and sustained differences in the economic performance of subnational regions in most countries. In this paper, we examine economic structure and productivity in Southern Mexico and compare these to the rest of the country. We employ firm level data from Mexican manufacturing to test the relative importance of firm level characteristics such… (More)
A central conclusion of studies of infrastructure privatization in Latin America is that the poor will eventually gain via increased access. But privatization has also created problems for the poor; there are many ways they can lose, in the short run, when infrastructure services are turned over to private owners. Reducing major policy gaps which can result… (More)
for helpful comments on earlier versions of this paper. This paper is a product of a research project on motorization and roads that is being carried out jointly by the Research Advisory Staff and the Transport, Water, and Urban Development Department.