Marianne Courcoul

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The cytidine deaminase hAPOBEC3G is an antiviral human factor that counteracts the replication of HIV-1 in absence of the Vif protein. hAPOBEC3G is packaged into virus particles and lethally hypermutates HIV-1. In this work, we examine the mechanisms governing hAPOBEC3G packaging. By GST pull-down and co-immunoprecipitation assays, we show that hAPOBEC3G(More)
The Vif protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is required for productive replication in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Previous reports suggest that vif-deleted viruses are limited in replication because of a defect in the late steps of the virus life cycle. One of the remaining questions is to determine whether the functional role of Vif involves a(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) wild-type (WT) virion infectivity factor (Vif) protein (Vifwt) and full-length Gag precursor (Pr55Gag) were found to be co-encapsidated into extracellular, membrane-enveloped virus-like particles released by budding from Sf9 cells co-expressing the two recombinant proteins in trans, with an average copy number of(More)
The main function of Vif is to limit the antiviral activity of APOBEC3G by counteracting its packaging into HIV-1 virions. In this work, we examine the possible functional interactions between Vif, APOBEC3G, and two Src family tyrosine kinases, Fyn and Hck, present in T lymphocytes and in monocyte-macrophages, respectively. By GST pull-down, we show that(More)
FLT3, a receptor belonging to the FMS/KIT family and localized to 13q12, could play a role in the biology of early hematopoietic progenitor cells. Because FMS and KIT are expressed in both normal progenitors and myeloid leukemias, we looked for FLT3 expression in fresh human leukemic cells using Northern blot analysis. High levels of FLT3 expression were(More)
Interactions of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Vif protein with various forms of Gag and Gag-Pol precursors expressed in insect cells were investigated in vivo and in vitro by co-encapsidation, co-precipitation and viral protease (PR)-mediated Gag processing assays. Addressing of Gag to the plasma membrane, its budding as extracellular(More)
The T cell adhesion molecule CD28 provides a costimulatory signal in combination with CD2 and CD3 mAb. CD28 regulates the expression of cytokines by T cells, not only IL-2, but also IL-1 alpha and CSF-1, usually synthesized by accessory cells. We have investigated the mechanisms through which CD28 modulates the expression of the IL-2R alpha chain. Whereas(More)
The virus infectivity factor (Vif) protein facilitates the replication of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in primary lymphocytes and macrophages. Its action is strongly dependent on the cellular environment, and it has been proposed that the Vif protein counteracts cellular activities that would otherwise limit HIV-1 replication. Using a(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated the absence of viral replication of Vif- mutants in stimulated primary blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 strain NDK Vif- mutants were propagated on the semipermissive CEM cell line, and the viral stock obtained was compared with the wild-type virus during a single cycle in PBMC. The Vif-(More)
APOBEC3G is a cytidine deaminase that limits the replication of many retroviruses. This antiviral host factor is packaged into retrovirus particles, where it targets single-stranded DNA generated during reverse transcription and induces up to 2% of G-to-A mutations, which are lethal for the HIV-1 provirus. Vif protein counteracts this antiviral factor by(More)