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This study examined 2 samples of adolescents and mothers using a child-based design (Nonshared Environment in Adolescent Development [NEAD] project, N = 395 families) and a parent-based design (Twin Moms [TM] project, N = 236 twin family pairs) to compare genetic and environmental influences on mothering. For both samples, the same measures of positivity,(More)
This study is the first to examine a large group of children born after in-vitro fertilization (IVF) who were old enough at the time of the investigation to make it possible to draw conclusions about the outcome. The aim of the study was to assess the cognitive, behavioural and social development of the children. The study comprised 99 IVF children, 33-85(More)
This study focuses on young male and female adults (n=290) who were diagnosed with conduct disorder (CD) during adolescence at the inpatient child and adolescent psychiatric unit in Lund, Sweden. Their adulthood is described using seven outcome variables: in custody, crime, illicit drug use, mental health, teenage parenthood, transference income and(More)
Twenty-eight children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were examined with SPECT (single photon emission computed tomography). Seven of the children had abnormal distribution of the regional cerebral blood-flow (rCBF) on visual evaluation and 10 had abnormal EEG findings. The only clinical finding that differentiated the group with normal(More)
BACKGROUND This study examined how interpersonal relationships, specifically marital quality and adequacy of social support, are associated with depressive symptoms among women. METHODS A sample of 326 female monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs and their spouses was drawn from the Swedish Twin Registry. Associations among the three variables were(More)
Sweden has now around 38,000 individuals who have been adopted from other countries. Most often they are transracially adopted and have a different appearance from their new parents--"visible" adoptions. This study was made to explore the mental health of a teenager/young adult group that arrived with their families in the southernmost county of Sweden(More)
The Sjöbring system of personality dimensions measuring intellectual capacity, activity, impulsivity and sociability was used to study possible “salutogenic” (i.e. causes of health) effects. The study comprised 590 subjects investigated in 1947, 1957, 1972 and 1988–1989 in the Lundby project, an epidemiological study in Sweden. Psychiatric diagnoses were(More)
AIM To identify maternal prenatal and postnatal smoking as risk factors for psychosocial behaviour problems in Swedish preschool children. METHODS This prospective, longitudinal population study compared mothers' self-reported smoking during pregnancy and when the child was 3 mo old with behaviour problems according to Achenbach's Child Behavior Checklist(More)
We explored the predictive value of individual dispositions hypothesized to be related to coping with stress and to health. The independent variables were Antonovsky's sense of coherence (SOC) and its components--comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness. Other independent variables included intelligence, validity (energy level), solidity(More)
A study of child behaviour and health in a newly urbanised part of Khartoum was carried out in 1979-1980 on 245 children aged 3-15 yr. The same area had been investigated in 1965. Results show improvement in somatic health in older children. Behavioural symptoms increased more in boys than in girls, and more in older than in younger children, probably in(More)