Marianne Brabec

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Fever has been associated with shortened duration and improved survival in infectious disease. The mechanism of this beneficial response is still poorly understood. The heat-inducible 70-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp70) has been associated with protection of leukocytes against the cytotoxicity of inflammatory mediators and with improved survival of severe(More)
1. Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP, ABCG2) is a drug efflux transporter that is believed to affect the drug disposition of several drugs and xenobiotics. In the present study, we evaluated the localization and functional expression of BCRP in the human choriocarcinoma cell line BeWo, an in vitro model of the human trophoblast, and compared it with(More)
The human neonatal Fcgamma-receptor (hFcRn) involved in overall maternal-fetal IgG transmission is expressed in placental villous syncytiotrophoblast. However, the role of hFcRn in IgG transport and trafficking across this cell layer is poorly characterized. To gain insight into this mechanism we have overexpressed functional hFcRn in trophoblast-derived(More)
The effect of virus uncoating on endosome integrity during the early steps in viral infection was investigated. Using fluid-phase uptake of 10- and 70-kDa dextrans labeled with a pH-dependent fluorophore (fluorescein isothiocyanate [FITC]) and a pH-independent fluorophore (cyanine 5 [Cy5]), we determined the pHs of labeled compartments in intact HeLa cells(More)
During sepsis and major trauma the blood glutamine (Gln) level is reduced. The administration of Gln can improve the outcome of these patients. However, the mechanism of this beneficial effect of Gln is poorly understood. In the course of critical illness leucocytes are confronted with cytotoxic inflammatory mediators. To protect themselves against these(More)
In critically ill patients, clinicians observe a reverse correlation of survival and a decreased plasma concentration of the most abundant free amino acid, glutamine (Gln). However, in this context, the role of Gln remains largely elusive. Gln is used as an energy substrate by monocytes. Gln deprivation of these cells results in an increased susceptibility(More)
Human rhinovirus type 2 (HRV2) is internalized by members of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor (LDLR) family. It then progresses into late endosomes, where it undergoes conversion from D- to C-antigenicity at pH < 5.6. Upon uncoating, the viral RNA is transferred into the cytoplasm across the endsosomal membrane. However, C-antigenic particles fail(More)
Many viruses gain access to the cell via the endosomal route and require low endosomal pH for infectivity. The GTPase dynamin is essential for clathrin-dependent endocytosis, and in HeLa cells overexpressing the nonfunctional dynaminK44A mutant the formation of clathrin-coated vesicles is halted. HRV2, a human minor group rhinovirus, is internalized by(More)
Human rhinovirus 2 (HRV2) is internalized by members of the low-density lipoprotein receptor family into early endosomes (pH 6.2-6.0) where it dissociates from its receptors. After transfer into late endosomes, the virus undergoes a conformational change and RNA uncoating solely induced by pH < 5.6. Finally, virus capsids are degraded in lysosomes. To(More)
HeLa cells were stably transfected with a cDNA clone encoding the B1 isoform of the mouse FcgammaRII receptor (hereafter referred to as HeLa-FcRII cells). The receptor was expressed at high level at the plasma membrane in about 90% of the cells. These cells bound and internalized mouse monoclonal virus-neutralizing antibodies 8F5 and 3B10 of the subtype(More)