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BACKGROUND An embryo's ability to grow and implant can be improved by selection of a normal spermatozoon with a vacuole-free head. However, large vacuoles in spermatozoa have yet to be fully characterized. The present study aimed to determine whether these vacuoles are of nuclear, membrane and/or acrosomal origin. METHODS We studied 15 infertile patients(More)
INTRODUCTION Obtaining an adequate number of high-quality oocytes is a major challenge in controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH). To date, a range of hormonal and clinical parameters have been used to optimize COH but none have significant predictive value. This variability could be due to the genetic predispositions of single-nucleotide polymorphisms(More)
Several reports have described an association between the presence of soluble human leukocyte antigen G (sHLA-G) in human embryo culture supernatants (ES) and implantation success. However, not all studies agree with these findings. To further document this debate, a multicentre blinded study was performed to investigate, on a large number of IVF ES and(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal ageing is the only aetiological factor unequivocally linked to aneuploidy. Two mechanisms seem to explain these abnormalities in oocytes: non-disjunction and premature unbalanced separation of sister chromatids (PSSC). Previous studies of unfertilized oocytes argue for a major role of PSSC in the aetiology of aneuploidy for women of(More)
PURPOSE Implantation failure is known to be associated with an increased risk of aneuploidy in embryos, a situation leading to a pre-implantation genetic screening, not allowed in different countries like France. Our aim was to evaluate the gamete aneuploidy incidence in this context, using first polar body and spermatozoa aneuploidy screening. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE Cryopreservation of human oocytes might provide an alternative approach to freezing supernumerary embryos obtained during IVF. This process, performed on immature denuded prophase 1 mouse oocytes, was investigated. METHODS We first investigated the capacity of frozen, immature, murine oocytes to continue in vitro maturation after thawing. We then(More)
Intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection (IMSI) involves the use of differential interference contrast microscopy at high magnification (at least ·6300) to improve the observation of live human spermatozoa (particularly by showing sperm head vacuoles that are not necessarily seen at lower magnifications) prior to intracytoplasmic sperm(More)
BACKGROUND Although intrauterine insemination (IUI) is one of the most common assisted reproductive technology methods in the world, the relative influence of various semen characteristics on the likelihood of a successful outcome is controversial. The aim of our study was to assess the results of IUI as a function of both the number of motile spermatozoa(More)
BACKGROUND A testis biopsy was performed for four non-mosaic 47,XXY azoospermic patients. Spermatozoa were found in three cases and frozen before ICSI. We analysed the various cells found in the four samples by multicolour fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH), to evaluate the meiosis and spermatogenesis possibilities of the 47,XXY and 46,XY testis cell(More)
PURPOSE The aim of our study was to determine the incidence of AZF deletions and familial forms of infertility suggesting autosomal mutations among patients requiring intracytoplasmic sperm injection with ejaculated sperm. METHODS Cases with obstructive pathologies were excluded; 81 patients were classified according to the numeration of spermatozoa. The(More)