Marianne B. M. van den Bree

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OBJECTIVES Psychopathy-related traits, especially those tapping the 'emotional dysfunction' aspect of psychopathy that is characterized by lack of emotional responsiveness, are thought to be of genetic origin, but molecular genetic studies are yet to be undertaken. Gene variants that affect COMT, MAOA and 5HTT activity have previously been linked to(More)
Serotonergic and opioidergic neurotransmitter system alterations have been observed in people with eating disorders; the genes for the serotonin 1D receptor (HTR1D) and the opioid delta receptor (OPRD1) are found on chr1p36.3-34.3, a region identified by our group in a linkage analysis of anorexia nervosa (AN). These candidate genes were evaluated for(More)
INTRODUCTION Variation in the CHRNA5-A3-B4 gene cluster is a promising candidate region for smoking behavior and has been linked to multiple smoking-related phenotypes (e.g., nicotine dependence) and diseases (e.g., lung cancer). Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs16969968 in CHRNA5 and rs1051730 in CHRNA3, have generated particular interest. (More)
A model to analyze resemblances of twins and parents using LISREL is outlined and applied to sports participation and heart-rate data. Sports participation and heart rate were measured in 44 monozygotic and 46 dizygotic adolescent twin pairs and in their parents. Genetic factors influence variation in both sports behavior and heart rate, while there is no(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic and environmental influences on child psychopathology have been studied extensively through twin and adoption designs. We offer a novel methodology to examine genetic and environmental influences on the intergenerational transmission of psychopathology using a sample of parents and children conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF).(More)
To investigate whether the dopaminergic system plays a role in the etiology of anorexia nervosa (AN) via the dopamine D2 receptor, we investigated association and transmission disequilibrium at seven single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) spanning about 75 kbp of the gene DRD2. We studied 191 probands with a DSM-IV diagnosis of AN, 457 parents and affected(More)
INTRODUCTION The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) gene cluster CHRNA5-A3-B4 on chromosome 15 has been the subject of a considerable body of research over recent years. Two highly correlated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within this region--rs16969968 in CHRNA5 and rs1051730 in CHRNA3--have generated particular interest. METHODS We(More)
Several groups have reported an association between the 10-repeat allele of a dopamine transporter (DAT1) 3'UTR VNTR variant and ADHD but the finding has not been universally observed. An association between DAT1 genotype and stimulant medication response has also been reported although again there are conflicting data. We tested the DAT1 3'VNTR and three(More)
Gene x environment (G x E) interactions are increasingly thought to have substantial influence on the aetiology and clinical manifestations of complex disorders. In ADHD, although main effects of specific genetic variants and pre- or peri-natal variables have been reported and replicated using pooled analyses, few studies have looked at possible(More)