Marianna Leung

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PURPOSE OF REVIEW Subsequent entry biologics may soon be a reality in Canadian nephrology practice. Along with opportunities to reduce health care costs, these agents pose unique challenges that must be met for successful implementation. Understanding the experiences around the globe in both regulatory affairs and implementation will be a valuable guide for(More)
Calcific uremic arteriolopathy (calciphylaxis) is a devastating but rare complication seen predominantly in dialysis patients that often is fatal. Because of the rarity of the disease and the multifactorial nature of its cause, no clinical trials have been conducted to date to determine the best therapy for the condition. We report a case series of 7(More)
OBJECTIVE Over-the-counter (OTC) medications remain freely available to suicidal patients, despite their potential lethality and common use in suicide. The study's main objective was to identify patient characteristics, particularly psychiatric diagnosis associated with the use of OTC medications in intentional overdose. METHODS We retrospectively(More)
BACKGROUND Outpatients undergoing hemodialysis are at high risk for adverse drug events. Limited resources make it challenging for pharmacists to routinely obtain a best possible medication history (BPMH). OBJECTIVES The primary objective was to determine whether, for patients undergoing hemodialysis, a pharmacy technician has the skills to obtain a BPMH(More)
BACKGROUND In Europe, epoetin subsequent entry biologics (SEBs) have been in use since 2007. Canadian patents of erythropoietin stimulating agents are expiring in 2014, therefore it is predicted that epoetin SEBs will penetrate the Canadian market in the near future. OBJECTIVE To estimate the economic impact and costs offsets associated with the uptake(More)
BACKGROUND Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been widely recognized as an effective treatment for severe depression and various other psychiatric illnesses, adverse effects have been frequently reported, especially a high incidence of headache. Analgesics, such as acetaminophen, narcotics, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), are(More)
Although enoxaparin is used to treat thromboembolism in children, current treatment guidelines are largely extrapolated from adults. The objectives of this study were to determine: i) correlation between enoxaparin dose and anti-factor Xa (anti-Xa) level, ii) intra-patient variability, and iii) whether dose or anti-Xa level is a predictor of outcomes. A(More)
BACKGROUND Subsequent entry biologics (SEBs) may soon be a reality in Canadian nephrology practice. Understanding the worldwide experience with these agents will be valuable to Canadian clinicians. OBJECTIVES To compare the efficacy and safety data between SEBs used in nephrology practice and their reference biologic. DESIGN Systematic review. SOURCES(More)
Leflunomide is an immunosuppressive drug with in vitro and initial observational evidence of antiviral activity against BK virus (BKV), a pathogen that causes opportunistic infection upon reactivation in renal transplant recipients. Leflunomide is considered an ancillary option to immunosuppression reduction in the management of BKV reactivation. Plasma or(More)